From 30 percent to gender parity in everything: the steady route to raising women’s political representation in Mexico

Jennifer Piscopo, Lorena Vázquez Correa

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This article assesses 30 years of gender quota adoption and reform in Latin America through the lens of earlier theorizing about the incremental and fast tracks. Focusing on women political actors’ ongoing efforts to transform weak quota laws into comprehensive parity requirements, we argue that most fast-track countries follow a steady route. This route builds on Drude Dahlerup and Lenita Freidenvall’s landmark conceptualization of the fast track, introducing countries’ reliance on iterative quota reforms and demonstrating how innovation in quota design continuously raises the bar for what constitutes a “good” quota or parity law. We demonstrate this route using a case study from Mexico, focusing on the 2014 adoption of gender parity for the federal and state legislatures and the 2019 adoption of “parity in everything,” meaning parity for the executive, legislative, and judicial branches.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Feminist Journal of Politics
Early online date1 Sept 2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1 Sept 2023

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