A Review of Assembly Line Balancing Heuristics and Value Stream Mapping (VSM)

M S Thwawfee Kur Rahman, Syed Mehmood Hasan, Satya Shah, Elmira Naghi Ganji

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Value stream mapping (VSM) and assembly line balancing heuristics are widely used in manufacturing and operations management. Value stream mapping aims to reduce wastage in the production process, while assembly line balancing optimizes task and resource distribution. Assembly line balancing heuristics employ algorithms like largest candidate rule, ranked positional weight rule, and Kilbridge and Wester technique to enhance output, cut costs, and improve efficiency. Both techniques complement each other, with assembly line balancing heuristics focusing on the assembly line's flow and value stream mapping considering the entire manufacturing process, leading to better overall operations. The study aims to provide a review of these techniques within manufacturing firms to survice in changing market contexts.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIEEE
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 18 Oct 2023
EventIEEE International Conference on Technology Management, Operations and Decisions (IEEE ICTMOD): Disruptive Technologies and Sustainability - Morocco, Rabat, Morocco
Duration: 22 Nov 202324 Nov 2023


ConferenceIEEE International Conference on Technology Management, Operations and Decisions (IEEE ICTMOD)
Abbreviated titleICTMOD 2023
Internet address


  • Assembly Line Balancing
  • Heuristics
  • Lean Manufacturing
  • Value Stream Mapping
  • Operations Management

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