Targeting Women in Wars : Gender and Intentional Civilian Death. / Sjoberg, Laura; Peel, Jessica .

Feminism and International Relations: Conversations about the Past, Present, and Future. ed. / J. Ann Tickner; Laura Sjoberg. 1st. ed. London : Routledge, 2011. p. 169-187.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review

Published

Standard

Targeting Women in Wars : Gender and Intentional Civilian Death. / Sjoberg, Laura; Peel, Jessica .

Feminism and International Relations: Conversations about the Past, Present, and Future. ed. / J. Ann Tickner; Laura Sjoberg. 1st. ed. London : Routledge, 2011. p. 169-187.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review

Harvard

Sjoberg, L & Peel, J 2011, Targeting Women in Wars: Gender and Intentional Civilian Death. in JA Tickner & L Sjoberg (eds), Feminism and International Relations: Conversations about the Past, Present, and Future. 1st edn, Routledge, London, pp. 169-187. <https://www.routledge.com/Feminism-and-International-Relations-Conversations-about-the-Past-Present/Tickner-Sjoberg/p/book/9780415584609>

APA

Sjoberg, L., & Peel, J. (2011). Targeting Women in Wars: Gender and Intentional Civilian Death. In J. A. Tickner, & L. Sjoberg (Eds.), Feminism and International Relations: Conversations about the Past, Present, and Future (1st ed., pp. 169-187). Routledge. https://www.routledge.com/Feminism-and-International-Relations-Conversations-about-the-Past-Present/Tickner-Sjoberg/p/book/9780415584609

Vancouver

Sjoberg L, Peel J. Targeting Women in Wars: Gender and Intentional Civilian Death. In Tickner JA, Sjoberg L, editors, Feminism and International Relations: Conversations about the Past, Present, and Future. 1st ed. London: Routledge. 2011. p. 169-187

Author

Sjoberg, Laura ; Peel, Jessica . / Targeting Women in Wars : Gender and Intentional Civilian Death. Feminism and International Relations: Conversations about the Past, Present, and Future. editor / J. Ann Tickner ; Laura Sjoberg. 1st. ed. London : Routledge, 2011. pp. 169-187

BibTeX

@inbook{8d1224cb66b14336ba3b7f4e0eb97831,
title = "Targeting Women in Wars: Gender and Intentional Civilian Death",
abstract = "In this chapter, we critically evaluate the civilian victimization debate through feminist lenses, asking how gender weighs into belligerents{\textquoteright} decisions to intentionally target civilians. After exploring previous feminist contributions to the debate about the meaning and effectiveness of the non-combatant immunity principle, we introduce a theoretical approach to civilian victimization in war inspired by feminist thinking about the gendered nature of war and militarism. We argue that states use “civilian” as a proxy for “women” as a Clausewitzian centre of gravity for state and nation, and therefore attack civilians to attack women to attack the essence of the enemy. We then offer empirical evidence in support of this theoretical interpretation in two forms: statistical work on the relationship between sex, gender, and other factors that the civilian victimization literature has identified as influential, and a case study about the British Blockade of Germany in the First World War. After evaluating the evidence, we argue that belligerents do not attack a gender-neutral category of “civilians” when they attack non-combatants. Instead, they attack women. Still, attacking women is not the whole story: belligerents attack women not as women but instrumentally as proxy for state and nation. ",
keywords = "gender, civilian immunity, just war, feminist IR, feminist security studies",
author = "Laura Sjoberg and Jessica Peel",
year = "2011",
month = jun,
day = "3",
language = "English",
isbn = "9780415584579",
pages = "169--187",
editor = "Tickner, {J. Ann} and Laura Sjoberg",
booktitle = "Feminism and International Relations",
publisher = "Routledge",
edition = "1st",

}

RIS

TY - CHAP

T1 - Targeting Women in Wars

T2 - Gender and Intentional Civilian Death

AU - Sjoberg, Laura

AU - Peel, Jessica

PY - 2011/6/3

Y1 - 2011/6/3

N2 - In this chapter, we critically evaluate the civilian victimization debate through feminist lenses, asking how gender weighs into belligerents’ decisions to intentionally target civilians. After exploring previous feminist contributions to the debate about the meaning and effectiveness of the non-combatant immunity principle, we introduce a theoretical approach to civilian victimization in war inspired by feminist thinking about the gendered nature of war and militarism. We argue that states use “civilian” as a proxy for “women” as a Clausewitzian centre of gravity for state and nation, and therefore attack civilians to attack women to attack the essence of the enemy. We then offer empirical evidence in support of this theoretical interpretation in two forms: statistical work on the relationship between sex, gender, and other factors that the civilian victimization literature has identified as influential, and a case study about the British Blockade of Germany in the First World War. After evaluating the evidence, we argue that belligerents do not attack a gender-neutral category of “civilians” when they attack non-combatants. Instead, they attack women. Still, attacking women is not the whole story: belligerents attack women not as women but instrumentally as proxy for state and nation.

AB - In this chapter, we critically evaluate the civilian victimization debate through feminist lenses, asking how gender weighs into belligerents’ decisions to intentionally target civilians. After exploring previous feminist contributions to the debate about the meaning and effectiveness of the non-combatant immunity principle, we introduce a theoretical approach to civilian victimization in war inspired by feminist thinking about the gendered nature of war and militarism. We argue that states use “civilian” as a proxy for “women” as a Clausewitzian centre of gravity for state and nation, and therefore attack civilians to attack women to attack the essence of the enemy. We then offer empirical evidence in support of this theoretical interpretation in two forms: statistical work on the relationship between sex, gender, and other factors that the civilian victimization literature has identified as influential, and a case study about the British Blockade of Germany in the First World War. After evaluating the evidence, we argue that belligerents do not attack a gender-neutral category of “civilians” when they attack non-combatants. Instead, they attack women. Still, attacking women is not the whole story: belligerents attack women not as women but instrumentally as proxy for state and nation.

KW - gender

KW - civilian immunity

KW - just war

KW - feminist IR

KW - feminist security studies

M3 - Chapter (peer-reviewed)

SN - 9780415584579

SN - 9780415584609

SP - 169

EP - 187

BT - Feminism and International Relations

A2 - Tickner, J. Ann

A2 - Sjoberg, Laura

PB - Routledge

CY - London

ER -