Secondary Traumatization in Criminal Justice Professions : A Literature Review. / KO, Hayley; Memon, Amina.

In: Psychology, Crime and Law, 04.01.2022.

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Secondary Traumatization in Criminal Justice Professions : A Literature Review. / KO, Hayley; Memon, Amina.

In: Psychology, Crime and Law, 04.01.2022.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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@article{5b8f43de547941edb850a19cbe4542ff,
title = "Secondary Traumatization in Criminal Justice Professions: A Literature Review",
abstract = "Professionals working in the criminal justice sector are vulnerable to sources of indirect trauma such as the interactions with perpetrators of crime who themselves may be traumatised and exposure to distressing events or graphic material. This systematic review aims to examine the prevalence of this secondary traumatization and related resilience and risk factors among criminal justice professions. After identifying 158 relevant studies within PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, PsycINFO, and Cochrane, 52 studies were included in this review. Low to moderate levels of secondary traumatization was reported in criminal justice professions. The low prevalence of secondary traumatization may be explained by social desirability and the stigma of mental health issues in these professions. Risk factors (i.e., history of mental illness, work-related trauma, negative coping strategies) predicted secondary traumatization. Support strategies and interventions were moderately effective, however further research and a consensual definition of secondary traumatization is needed, so that organisations may benefit from trauma-informed approaches.",
keywords = "secondary trauma; coping; trauma-informed; criminal justice",
author = "Hayley KO and Amina Memon",
year = "2022",
month = jan,
day = "4",
doi = "10.1080/1068316X.2021.2018444",
language = "English",
journal = "Psychology, Crime and Law",
issn = "1068-316X",
publisher = "Routledge",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Secondary Traumatization in Criminal Justice Professions

T2 - A Literature Review

AU - KO, Hayley

AU - Memon, Amina

PY - 2022/1/4

Y1 - 2022/1/4

N2 - Professionals working in the criminal justice sector are vulnerable to sources of indirect trauma such as the interactions with perpetrators of crime who themselves may be traumatised and exposure to distressing events or graphic material. This systematic review aims to examine the prevalence of this secondary traumatization and related resilience and risk factors among criminal justice professions. After identifying 158 relevant studies within PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, PsycINFO, and Cochrane, 52 studies were included in this review. Low to moderate levels of secondary traumatization was reported in criminal justice professions. The low prevalence of secondary traumatization may be explained by social desirability and the stigma of mental health issues in these professions. Risk factors (i.e., history of mental illness, work-related trauma, negative coping strategies) predicted secondary traumatization. Support strategies and interventions were moderately effective, however further research and a consensual definition of secondary traumatization is needed, so that organisations may benefit from trauma-informed approaches.

AB - Professionals working in the criminal justice sector are vulnerable to sources of indirect trauma such as the interactions with perpetrators of crime who themselves may be traumatised and exposure to distressing events or graphic material. This systematic review aims to examine the prevalence of this secondary traumatization and related resilience and risk factors among criminal justice professions. After identifying 158 relevant studies within PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, PsycINFO, and Cochrane, 52 studies were included in this review. Low to moderate levels of secondary traumatization was reported in criminal justice professions. The low prevalence of secondary traumatization may be explained by social desirability and the stigma of mental health issues in these professions. Risk factors (i.e., history of mental illness, work-related trauma, negative coping strategies) predicted secondary traumatization. Support strategies and interventions were moderately effective, however further research and a consensual definition of secondary traumatization is needed, so that organisations may benefit from trauma-informed approaches.

KW - secondary trauma; coping; trauma-informed; criminal justice

U2 - 10.1080/1068316X.2021.2018444

DO - 10.1080/1068316X.2021.2018444

M3 - Article

JO - Psychology, Crime and Law

JF - Psychology, Crime and Law

SN - 1068-316X

ER -