Using Personal Values to Understand the Motivational Basis of Amity Goal Orientation

Liat Levontin, Anat Bardi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Values are broad motivations that can serve as the basis for goals. We propose that values can be used to understand the motivational basis of amity goal orientation, a prosocial goal orientation within achievement situations. We offer theory and empirical evidence relating personal values to amity goal orientation and other achievement goal orientations. Specifically, the results of three studies and a mini meta-analysis suggest that the prosocial value of benevolence is positively related to amity goal orientation and can be interpreted as the motivational basis of amity goal orientation. Furthermore, power values are positively related to performance-approach goal orientation; self-direction values are positively related to mastery goal orientation, and security values are positively related to performance-avoidance goal orientation. These findings can explain the pattern of correlations previously found among achievement goal orientations, and open up the potential for new research on amity goal
orientation as well as other value-based achievement goal orientations.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2736
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jan 2019


  • Values
  • Goal Orientations
  • Achievement goals
  • Motivation
  • Amity Goal Orientation

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