Power, money and reversion points: the European Union's annual budgets since 2010

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At the close of 2010 an immediate effect of the rule changes to the European Union’s budgetary powers brought in by the Lisbon Treaty was a non-agreement of the annual budget for 2011, which was repeated for the budgets of 2013 and 2015. Interviews and documents show that the European Parliament lost and the Council won in determining spending outcomes for 2011 and immediate payments for the subsequent years; whether this also resulted in lower budgets overall is ambiguous. When spending increased, this was in line with the will of the Council. The most significant variable was the change in the rules, which shifted the location of the default budget or reversion point to Council’s advantage if there were no agreement.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)633-652
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of European Public Policy
Issue number5
Early online date8 Apr 2016
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Council of the European Union
  • European Parliament
  • European Union budget
  • Lisbon Treaty
  • reversion points

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