IMF social spending floors: A fig leaf for austerity?

Alexander Kentikelenis, Thomas Stubbs

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report


The International Monetary Fund has said that it protects spending on education, health and social protection from cuts in its loan programmes through social spending floors. These measures are a welcome step forward, but are they effective? Analysis of all 17 IMF loan programmes (ECFs and EFFs) for low- and middle-income countries during the first two years of the pandemic shows that these floors are deeply inadequate, inconsistent, opaque and failing. They are little more than a fig leaf for harmful austerity, which is driving inequality, poverty and suffering.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationOxford
PublisherOxfam International
Commissioning bodyOxfam International
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023

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