How Do Groups Work? Age Differences in Performance and the Social Outcomes of Peer Collaboration

Patrick Leman

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Do children derive different benefits from group collaboration at different ages? In the present study, 183 children from two age groups (8.8 and 13.4 years) took part in a class quiz as members of a group, or individually. In some groups, cohesiveness was made salient by awarding prizes to the top performing groups. In other groups, prizes were awarded to the best performing individuals. Findings, both in terms of social outcomes and performance in the quiz, indicated that the 8-year olds viewed the benefits of group membership in terms of the opportunities to receive information from other members. The 13-year olds, in contrast, viewed group collaboration as a constructive process where success was connected with group cohesiveness.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)804–820
Number of pages17
JournalCognitive Science
Issue number4
Early online date23 Sept 2014
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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