Does Practice Make the Perfect Liar? The Effect of Rehearsal and Increased Cognitive Load on Cues to Deception

Julie Gawrylowicz, Samuel Fairlamb, Emily Tantot, Zehra Qureshi, Amadeus Redha, Anne Ridley

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Recent studies have explored ways to increase cognitive load in liars to identify cues to deception. This study used a driving simulator as a load-inducing technique to explore differences between truth-tellers and liars during an investigative interview scenario and also investigated the effect of rehearsing lies in this context. Deception affected driving performance. Truth-tellers drove more slowly compared with their own baseline, whereas unrehearsed liars sped up. There was no difference in speed between truth-tellers and rehearsed liars. In addition, truth-tellers had significantly faster reaction times compared with their own baseline, than both rehearsed and unrehearsed liars. During the interviews, truth-tellers provided significantly more visual and auditory details and mentioned significantly fewer cognitive operations than liars. The findings add to the body of literature exploring the optimal relationship between cognitive load and secondary task performance to identify cues to deception. 
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)250-259
Number of pages10
JournalApplied Cognitive Psychology
Issue number2
Early online date14 Dec 2015
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 14 Dec 2015

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