Sources of Phoneme Errors in Repetition : Perseverative, Neologistic, and Lesion Patterns in Jargon Aphasia. / Pilkington, Emma; Keidel, James; Kendrick, Luke; Saddy, James D.; Sage, Karen; Robson, Holly.

In: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, Vol. 11, 225, 04.05.2017, p. 1-14.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Published
  • Emma Pilkington
  • James Keidel
  • Luke Kendrick
  • James D. Saddy
  • Karen Sage
  • Holly Robson

Abstract

This study examined patterns of neologistic and perseverative errors during word repetition in fluent Jargon aphasia. The principal hypotheses accounting for Jargon production indicate that poor activation of a target stimulus leads to weakly activated target phoneme segments, which are outcompeted at the phonological encoding level. Voxel-lesion symptom mapping studies of word repetition errors suggest a breakdown in the translation from auditory-phonological analysis to motor activation. Behavioral analyses of repetition data were used to analyse the target relatedness (Phonological Overlap Index: POI) of neologistic errors and patterns of perseveration in 25 individuals with Jargon aphasia. Lesion-symptom analyses explored the relationship between neurological damage and jargon repetition in a group of 38 aphasia participants. Behavioral results showed that neologisms produced by 23 jargon individuals contained greater degrees of target lexico-phonological information than predicted by chance and that neologistic and perseverative production were closely associated. A significant relationship between jargon production and lesions to temporoparietal regions was identified. Region of interest regression analyses suggested that damage to the posterior superior temporal gyrus and superior temporal sulcus in combination was best predictive of a Jargon aphasia profile. Taken together, these results suggest that poor phonological encoding, secondary to impairment in sensory-motor integration, alongside impairments in self-monitoring result in jargon repetition. Insights for clinical management and future directions are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number225
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalFrontiers in Human Neuroscience
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 May 2017
This open access research output is licenced under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.

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