Prevalence of Nosema microsporidians in commercial bumblebees (Bombus terrestris) is not related to the intensity of their use at the landscape scale. / Trillo, Alejandro; Brown, Mark; Vila, Montserrat.

In: Apidologie, Vol. 50, No. 2, 04.2019, p. 234-242.

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Prevalence of Nosema microsporidians in commercial bumblebees (Bombus terrestris) is not related to the intensity of their use at the landscape scale. / Trillo, Alejandro; Brown, Mark; Vila, Montserrat.

In: Apidologie, Vol. 50, No. 2, 04.2019, p. 234-242.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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@article{7bfb505514cf40b18a26137bc71972d8,
title = "Prevalence of Nosema microsporidians in commercial bumblebees (Bombus terrestris) is not related to the intensity of their use at the landscape scale",
abstract = "The use of commercial bumblebees to aid crop pollination may result in overcrowding of agricultural landscapes by pollinators. Consequently, transmission of parasites between pollinators via shared flowers may be substantial. Here we assessed the initial infection status of commercial Bombus terrestris colonies, and then explored spatial and seasonal influences on changes in parasite prevalence across a landscape where bumblebee colonies are intensively used to pollinate berry crops in SW Spain. Colonies were placed inside strawberry greenhouse crops and in woodlands adjacent and distant to crops in winter and in spring, as representative periods of high and low use of colonies, respectively. Worker bumblebees were collected from colonies upon arrival from a producer and 30 days after being placed in the field. The abdomen of each bumblebee was morphologically inspected for a range of internal parasites. Upon arrival 71% of the colonies were infected by spores of Nosema. Three bumblebees from two colonies harbored A. bombi spores at the end of their placement in woodlands adjacent to crops. Nosema colony prevalence did not change significantly either among sites or between seasons. We found no evidence for the density of commercial B. terrestris impacting Nosema epidemiology in those commercial colonies, but our results highlight the potential risk for parasites to be transmitted from commercial bumblebees to native pollinators.",
author = "Alejandro Trillo and Mark Brown and Montserrat Vila",
year = "2019",
month = apr,
doi = "10.1007/s13592-019-00637-4",
language = "English",
volume = "50",
pages = "234--242",
journal = "Apidologie",
issn = "0044-8435",
publisher = "Springer Science + Business Media",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prevalence of Nosema microsporidians in commercial bumblebees (Bombus terrestris) is not related to the intensity of their use at the landscape scale

AU - Trillo, Alejandro

AU - Brown, Mark

AU - Vila, Montserrat

PY - 2019/4

Y1 - 2019/4

N2 - The use of commercial bumblebees to aid crop pollination may result in overcrowding of agricultural landscapes by pollinators. Consequently, transmission of parasites between pollinators via shared flowers may be substantial. Here we assessed the initial infection status of commercial Bombus terrestris colonies, and then explored spatial and seasonal influences on changes in parasite prevalence across a landscape where bumblebee colonies are intensively used to pollinate berry crops in SW Spain. Colonies were placed inside strawberry greenhouse crops and in woodlands adjacent and distant to crops in winter and in spring, as representative periods of high and low use of colonies, respectively. Worker bumblebees were collected from colonies upon arrival from a producer and 30 days after being placed in the field. The abdomen of each bumblebee was morphologically inspected for a range of internal parasites. Upon arrival 71% of the colonies were infected by spores of Nosema. Three bumblebees from two colonies harbored A. bombi spores at the end of their placement in woodlands adjacent to crops. Nosema colony prevalence did not change significantly either among sites or between seasons. We found no evidence for the density of commercial B. terrestris impacting Nosema epidemiology in those commercial colonies, but our results highlight the potential risk for parasites to be transmitted from commercial bumblebees to native pollinators.

AB - The use of commercial bumblebees to aid crop pollination may result in overcrowding of agricultural landscapes by pollinators. Consequently, transmission of parasites between pollinators via shared flowers may be substantial. Here we assessed the initial infection status of commercial Bombus terrestris colonies, and then explored spatial and seasonal influences on changes in parasite prevalence across a landscape where bumblebee colonies are intensively used to pollinate berry crops in SW Spain. Colonies were placed inside strawberry greenhouse crops and in woodlands adjacent and distant to crops in winter and in spring, as representative periods of high and low use of colonies, respectively. Worker bumblebees were collected from colonies upon arrival from a producer and 30 days after being placed in the field. The abdomen of each bumblebee was morphologically inspected for a range of internal parasites. Upon arrival 71% of the colonies were infected by spores of Nosema. Three bumblebees from two colonies harbored A. bombi spores at the end of their placement in woodlands adjacent to crops. Nosema colony prevalence did not change significantly either among sites or between seasons. We found no evidence for the density of commercial B. terrestris impacting Nosema epidemiology in those commercial colonies, but our results highlight the potential risk for parasites to be transmitted from commercial bumblebees to native pollinators.

U2 - 10.1007/s13592-019-00637-4

DO - 10.1007/s13592-019-00637-4

M3 - Article

VL - 50

SP - 234

EP - 242

JO - Apidologie

JF - Apidologie

SN - 0044-8435

IS - 2

ER -