Cognitive mechanisms for inferring the meaning of novel signals during symbolisation. / Sulik, Justin.

In: PLoS ONE, Vol. 13, No. 1, e0189540, 16.01.2018, p. 1-27.

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Cognitive mechanisms for inferring the meaning of novel signals during symbolisation. / Sulik, Justin.

In: PLoS ONE, Vol. 13, No. 1, e0189540, 16.01.2018, p. 1-27.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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@article{2e08584a971248d6a5dc366524373601,
title = "Cognitive mechanisms for inferring the meaning of novel signals during symbolisation",
abstract = "As participants repeatedly interact using graphical signals (as in a game of Pictionary), the signals gradually shift from being iconic (or motivated) to being symbolic (or arbitrary). The aim here is to test experimentally whether this change in the form of the signal implies a concomitant shift in the inferential mechanisms needed to understand it. The results show that, during early, iconic stages, there is more reliance on creative inferential processes associated with insight problem solving, and that the recruitment of these cognitive mechanisms decreases over time. The variation in inferential mechanism is not predicted by the sign{\textquoteright}s visual complexity or iconicity, but by its familiarity, and by the complexity of the relevant mental representations. The discussion explores implications for pragmatics, language evolution, and iconicity research.",
keywords = "pragmatics, language evolution, inference, insight, iconicity",
author = "Justin Sulik",
year = "2018",
month = jan,
day = "16",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
pages = "1--27",
journal = "PLoS ONE",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cognitive mechanisms for inferring the meaning of novel signals during symbolisation

AU - Sulik, Justin

PY - 2018/1/16

Y1 - 2018/1/16

N2 - As participants repeatedly interact using graphical signals (as in a game of Pictionary), the signals gradually shift from being iconic (or motivated) to being symbolic (or arbitrary). The aim here is to test experimentally whether this change in the form of the signal implies a concomitant shift in the inferential mechanisms needed to understand it. The results show that, during early, iconic stages, there is more reliance on creative inferential processes associated with insight problem solving, and that the recruitment of these cognitive mechanisms decreases over time. The variation in inferential mechanism is not predicted by the sign’s visual complexity or iconicity, but by its familiarity, and by the complexity of the relevant mental representations. The discussion explores implications for pragmatics, language evolution, and iconicity research.

AB - As participants repeatedly interact using graphical signals (as in a game of Pictionary), the signals gradually shift from being iconic (or motivated) to being symbolic (or arbitrary). The aim here is to test experimentally whether this change in the form of the signal implies a concomitant shift in the inferential mechanisms needed to understand it. The results show that, during early, iconic stages, there is more reliance on creative inferential processes associated with insight problem solving, and that the recruitment of these cognitive mechanisms decreases over time. The variation in inferential mechanism is not predicted by the sign’s visual complexity or iconicity, but by its familiarity, and by the complexity of the relevant mental representations. The discussion explores implications for pragmatics, language evolution, and iconicity research.

KW - pragmatics

KW - language evolution

KW - inference

KW - insight

KW - iconicity

M3 - Article

VL - 13

SP - 1

EP - 27

JO - PLoS ONE

JF - PLoS ONE

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 1

M1 - e0189540

ER -