A Randomised Controlled Trial of a Goal-Setting and Planning Intervention to Improve Working Adults' Well-Being. / Oliver, Jeremy.

2016. 164 p.

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

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@phdthesis{6fe40a3f070546b2b57269806c0f254f,
title = "A Randomised Controlled Trial of a Goal-Setting and Planning Intervention to Improve Working Adults' Well-Being",
abstract = "The well-being of working adults is an issue of current concern. The aim of thepresent study was to test whether a goal-setting and planning (GAP) interventioncould improve working adults{\textquoteright} well-being. The intervention focused on settingmeaningful goals, making realistic plans to achieve those goals and overcomingobstacles to progress. GAP was delivered as an online self-help programme, withminimal support. Using a longitudinal, randomised controlled crossover design, the study sought to: (1) test the effectiveness of the intervention relative to wait-list controls; (2) test the effectiveness of the intervention over time, for the whole sample, both immediately after the intervention period and three months later; and (3) establish whether initial well-being was associated with participants{\textquoteright} response to the intervention. Relative to wait-list controls (N = 139), GAP participants (N = 111) reported significantly higher levels of positive affect, life satisfaction and flourishing immediately post-intervention, but not lower levels of negative affect. Longitudinal data were analysed for all participants who completed follow-up measures (N = 163). Compared to the start of the intervention, participants reported an increase in positiveaffect and flourishing, directly after the intervention and three months later. Negative affect and life satisfaction showed no change by the end of the intervention, but both had improved by three-month follow-up compared to the start of the intervention. Initial well-being levels were not associated with intervention response. This study demonstrated that working adults{\textquoteright} well-being can be improved through access to online self-help guidance in goal-setting and planning. The study contributes to the evidence base for effective cognitive-behavioural workplace interventions and provides a potential model for adapting clinically-proven interventions to make them accessible to working adults.",
keywords = "Randomised Controlled Trial, Goals, Well-Being, Working Adults, Goal-Setting, Planning",
author = "Jeremy Oliver",
year = "2016",
language = "English",
school = "Royal Holloway, University of London",

}

RIS

TY - THES

T1 - A Randomised Controlled Trial of a Goal-Setting and Planning Intervention to Improve Working Adults' Well-Being

AU - Oliver, Jeremy

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - The well-being of working adults is an issue of current concern. The aim of thepresent study was to test whether a goal-setting and planning (GAP) interventioncould improve working adults’ well-being. The intervention focused on settingmeaningful goals, making realistic plans to achieve those goals and overcomingobstacles to progress. GAP was delivered as an online self-help programme, withminimal support. Using a longitudinal, randomised controlled crossover design, the study sought to: (1) test the effectiveness of the intervention relative to wait-list controls; (2) test the effectiveness of the intervention over time, for the whole sample, both immediately after the intervention period and three months later; and (3) establish whether initial well-being was associated with participants’ response to the intervention. Relative to wait-list controls (N = 139), GAP participants (N = 111) reported significantly higher levels of positive affect, life satisfaction and flourishing immediately post-intervention, but not lower levels of negative affect. Longitudinal data were analysed for all participants who completed follow-up measures (N = 163). Compared to the start of the intervention, participants reported an increase in positiveaffect and flourishing, directly after the intervention and three months later. Negative affect and life satisfaction showed no change by the end of the intervention, but both had improved by three-month follow-up compared to the start of the intervention. Initial well-being levels were not associated with intervention response. This study demonstrated that working adults’ well-being can be improved through access to online self-help guidance in goal-setting and planning. The study contributes to the evidence base for effective cognitive-behavioural workplace interventions and provides a potential model for adapting clinically-proven interventions to make them accessible to working adults.

AB - The well-being of working adults is an issue of current concern. The aim of thepresent study was to test whether a goal-setting and planning (GAP) interventioncould improve working adults’ well-being. The intervention focused on settingmeaningful goals, making realistic plans to achieve those goals and overcomingobstacles to progress. GAP was delivered as an online self-help programme, withminimal support. Using a longitudinal, randomised controlled crossover design, the study sought to: (1) test the effectiveness of the intervention relative to wait-list controls; (2) test the effectiveness of the intervention over time, for the whole sample, both immediately after the intervention period and three months later; and (3) establish whether initial well-being was associated with participants’ response to the intervention. Relative to wait-list controls (N = 139), GAP participants (N = 111) reported significantly higher levels of positive affect, life satisfaction and flourishing immediately post-intervention, but not lower levels of negative affect. Longitudinal data were analysed for all participants who completed follow-up measures (N = 163). Compared to the start of the intervention, participants reported an increase in positiveaffect and flourishing, directly after the intervention and three months later. Negative affect and life satisfaction showed no change by the end of the intervention, but both had improved by three-month follow-up compared to the start of the intervention. Initial well-being levels were not associated with intervention response. This study demonstrated that working adults’ well-being can be improved through access to online self-help guidance in goal-setting and planning. The study contributes to the evidence base for effective cognitive-behavioural workplace interventions and provides a potential model for adapting clinically-proven interventions to make them accessible to working adults.

KW - Randomised Controlled Trial

KW - Goals

KW - Well-Being

KW - Working Adults

KW - Goal-Setting

KW - Planning

M3 - Doctoral Thesis

ER -