The Transnational Reaction to 1968: Neo-fascist Fronts and Political Cultures in France and Italy

Andrea Mammone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article highlights the crucial importance of 1968 in the development of neo-fascist electoral and political strategies in both countries, as well as in the rise of extremist cultural activism. It reveals similar reactions to the hegemony of the political left over popular and youth culture as well as a striking commonality of ideals. Through the examination of a relatively brief period (1968 to the end of the 1970s), this article attempts to demonstrate patterns of cross-fertilisation, ideological transfer and the prominence of the Movimento Sociale Italiano which strongly influenced the French neo-fascists in the establishment of the Front national. The importance, and the trans-border impact, of the Nouvelle Droite in the cultural milieu and its attempt to update neo-fascist and racist ideals is also highlighted.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-236
JournalContemporary European History
Issue number2
Early online date7 Apr 2008
Publication statusPublished - May 2008


  • 1968, neo-fascism, transnational movements and cultures

Cite this