Restorative justice in safeguarding adults with hate crime and discriminatory abuse: exploring the evidence

Karl Mason, Rosslyn Dray, Jane Healy, Joanna Wells

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The purpose of this paper is to consider what safeguarding responses to discriminatory abuse and hate crime might learn from existing research on restorative justice and to drive practice development based on available evidence.

This paper is based on a scoping review of literature using four academic databases and reference harvesting. This comprised a critical appraisal of 30 articles, which were thematically analysed to appreciate the benefits and challenges of restorative justice responses to hate crime and how this might inform safeguarding responses to discriminatory abuse and hate crime.

The analysis identifies four domains where learning can be drawn. These relate to theory on restorative justice; restorative justice practices; perspectives from lived experience of restorative justice and hate crime; and an appraisal of critiques about restorative justice.

This paper connects the emerging evidence on restorative criminal justice responses to hate crime to the “turn” towards strengths-based practices in adult safeguarding. Although this provides a fertile environment for embedding restorative practices, the authors argue certain precautions are required based on evidence from existing research on hate crime and restorative justice.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalThe Journal of Adult Protection
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 6 Feb 2024


  • Restorative practice
  • Restorative justice
  • Safeguarding Adults
  • Hate Crime
  • Discriminatory Abuse

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