Remote Working and Cyber Security: A Literature Review

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report


This document was prepared in the context of scoping the Cyber Security Leadership and Culture theme of 2020/21 at the Research Institute for Sociotechnical Cyber Security (RISCS) sponsored by, and in cooperation with the UK’s National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC).

The aim of the project is to understand the implications of mass remote/hybrid working arrangements due to the Covid-19 outbreak, that started in March 2020 and is still on-going at the time of writing this document.

The research objectives focus on the psychological contract between employees and leadership from the perspective of cyber risk, specifically:
• To understand how different organisations adjusted to new forms of working while maintaining/reducing their cyber risk exposure.
• To explore strategies used by cyber security leaders to keep a positive cyber security culture front of mind.
• To gather best practices used for maintaining trust, nurturing teamwork, safeguarding mental health of team members (reducing insider risk / human error).
Original languageEnglish
PublisherResearch Institute for Sociotechnical Cyber Security
Number of pages27
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021


  • cyber security culture
  • cyber security
  • remote work

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