Poverty, oil and corruption: the need for a Quad‐Sector Development Partnership (QSDP) in Nigeria's Niger Delta

Adrian Gonzalez

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This article starts by charting the conflicting position in Nigeria's Niger Delta between its petroleum wealth and the poverty of its inhabitants before observing how government corruption has hampered development agencies from rectifying this situation. It then examines trans-national company (TNC) Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) initiatives via a case study of the Shell Petroleum Development Company (SPDC). It concludes that, while there are useful projects, their success is felt at a micro level that cannot supplant wider government development. Finally, the article sets out why Quad-Sector Development Partnerships (QSDP) between an international development agency, the state, TNCs and civil society will help to neutralise the national problem of corruption so that Niger-Delta socioeconomic development can be improved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)509-538
Number of pages30
JournalDevelopment Policy Review
Issue number4
Early online date9 Jun 2016
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2016


  • Niger Delta
  • Development
  • Corporate Social Responsibility
  • Shell Petroleum Development Company

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