Physical facilitating environments: Prisons and madrassas as mechanisms and vehicles of violent radicalisation?

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Radicalisation in both prison settings and madrassas and religious-education settings does occur or is attempted. This review has flagged a number of cases where this has clearly happened or has been seriously attempted. While other countries may have different experiences, the review finds that in the UK the evidence suggests that successful radicalisation is rare in both settings. The evidence highlights that other factors play a role in the radicalisation process and that physical setting alone appears to be a poor predictor for radicalisation. Nevertheless, it is also clear that both types of settings remain widely regarded by the media and within government as prominent centres of radicalisation. This has led to policy being specifically directed to countering and preventing radicalisation in such spaces. There is no indication that this is trend is about to change any time soon and we can continue to expect both prisons and madrassas being described as high risk centres of radicalisation in what is often a simplistic and poorly informed debate.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationJihadist Terror
Subtitle of host publicationNew Threats, New Responses
EditorsAnthony Richards
Place of PublicationLondon
PublisherI. B. Tauris
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781788315555
ISBN (Print)9781788315548, 9781788315531
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • radicalisation
  • terrorism
  • violent extremism
  • prison
  • madrassa

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