Modular Robots for Enabling Operations in Unstructured Extreme Environments

Santiago Franco, Sara Bernardini, Jamie Roberts, Karen Donaldson, Stephen Mahon, Faiz Iqbal, Boyang Li, Georgios Mastorakis, Emil Jonasson, Markus Nemitz, Adam Stokes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Operations in extreme and hostile environments, such as offshore oil and gas production, nuclear decommissioning, nuclear facility maintenance, deep mining, space exploration, and subsea applications, require the execution of sophisticated tasks. In nuclear environments, robotic systems have advanced significantly over the past years but still suffer from task failures caused by informational and physical uncertainty of the highly unstructured nature of the environment and exasperated by the time constraints imposed by high radiation levels. Herein, a survey is presented of current robotic systems that can operate in such extreme environments and offer a novel approach to solving the challenges they impose, encapsulated by the mission statement of providing structure in unstructured environments and exemplified by a new self-assembling modular robotic system, the Connect-R.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2000227
JournalAdvanced Intelligent Systems
Issue number5
Early online date30 Jan 2022
Publication statusPublished - May 2022


  • extreme environements
  • Robotics
  • modular systems
  • nuclear decommissioning
  • scaffolding systems
  • task planning
  • unstructued environments

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