How and when plume zonation appeared during the 132 Myr evolution of the Tristan Hotspot

Kaj Hoernle, Joana Rohde, Folkmar Hauff, Dieter Garbe-Schönberg, Stephan Homrighausen, Reinhard Werner, Jason Morgan

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Increasingly, spatial geochemical zonation, present as geographically distinct, subparallel trends, is observed along hotspot tracks, such as Hawaii and the Galapagos. The origin of this zonation is currently unclear. Recently zonation was found along the last B70 Myr of the Tristan-Gough hotspot track. Here we present new Sr–Nd–Pb–Hf isotope data from the older parts of this hotspot track (Walvis Ridge and Rio Grande Rise) and re-evaluate published data from the Etendeka and Parana flood basalts erupted at the initiation of the hotspot track. We show that only the enriched Gough, but not the less-enriched Tristan, component is present in the earlier (70–132 Ma) history of the hotspot. Here we present a model that can explain the temporal evolution and origin of plume zonation for both the Tristan-Gough and Hawaiian hotspots, two end member types of zoned plumes, through processes taking place in the plume sources at the base of the lower mantle.
Original languageEnglish
Article number7799
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalNature Communications
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jul 2015

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