Gender quotas in management boards

J. Armstrong, S. Walby

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report


The note reviews the evidence on the effectiveness of legal instruments as compared with voluntary regimes in narrowing the gender gap on corporate management boards. It finds that legal instruments to enforce quotas are an effective and fast means of achieving change. The use of voluntary regimes has led to some increase in the proportion of women on corporate boards, but the effects are significantly smaller and slower. The only instance of achieving 40% of each gender was through the use of legal instruments to enforce quotas. The note identifies and reports on the positions and recommendations of nine international bodies on this matter.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherEuropean Parliament FEMM/Women's Rights Committee. 14-02-2012
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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