Enabling Robust and Efficient Distributed Computation in Dynamic Peer-to-Peer Networks

John Augustine, Gopal Pandurangan, Peter Robinson, Scott Roche, Eli Upfal

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Motivated by the need for designing efficient and robust fully-distributed computation in highly dynamic networks such as Peer-to-Peer (P2P) networks, we study distributed protocols for constructing and maintaining dynamic network topologies with good expansion properties. Our goal is to maintain a sparse (bounded degree) expander topology despite heavy churn (i.e., Nodes joining and leaving the network continuously over time). We assume that the churn is controlled by an adversary that has complete knowledge and control of what nodes join and leave and at what time and has unlimited computational power, but is oblivious to the random choices made by the algorithm. Our main contribution is a randomized distributed protocol that guarantees with high probability the maintenance of a constant degree graph with high expansion even under continuous high adversarial churn. Our protocol can tolerate a churn rate of up to O(n/polylog(n)) per round (where n is the stable network size). Our protocol is efficient, lightweight, and scalable, and it incurs only O(polylog(n)) overhead for topology maintenance: only polylogarithmic(in n) bits needs to be processed and sent by each node per round and any node's computation cost per round is also polylogarithmic. The given protocol is a fundamental ingredient that is needed for the design of efficient fully-distributed algorithms for solving fundamental distributed computing problems such as agreement, leader election, search, and storage in highly dynamic P2P networks and enables fast and scalable algorithms for these problems that can tolerate a large amount of churn.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFoundations of Computer Science (FOCS), 2015 IEEE 56th Annual Symposium on
Number of pages20
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4673-8191-8
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 17 Dec 2015

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