Constitutional Practices in Times “After Liberty”

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This chapter discusses the puzzle of illiberal practices as a constitutional problem. Illiberal rulers tend to gradually arrogate executive powers and secure their hold on elected office, while insulating themselves from the potential adverse legal consequences of their actions, in the manner of Caesaristic plebiscitary leadership. As a result, they restrict political competition and contestation, the plurality of the political community, and ultimately, individual liberty. The age of illiberal democracy is one “after liberty.” This chapter situates scholarship on illiberal constitutional practices in the broader context of scholarship on constitutionalism. Thereafter it takes stock of select illiberal constitutional practices affecting the electoral system, the legislature, the executive, the judiciary, and the civil service. In closing, it explores the suppression of liberty and the chilling effect of illiberal practices that characterize times “after liberty.”
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRoutledge Handbook of Illiberalism
EditorsRenata Uitz, Andras Sajo, Stephen Holmes
Place of PublicationNew York
Number of pages24
ISBN (Electronic)9780367260569
ISBN (Print)9780367260545
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • constitutional practices
  • Democratic Backsliding
  • illiberal democracy

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