Atmospheric constraints on the methane emissions from the East Siberian Shelf

A. Berchet, P. Bousquet, I. Pison, R. Locatelli, F. Chevallier, J.-D. Paris, E.J. Dlugokencky, T. Laurila, J. Hatakka, Y. Viisanen, D.E.J. Worthy, Euan Nisbet, Rebecca Fisher, James France, David Lowry, V. Ivakhov, O. Hermansen

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Subsea permafrost and hydrates in the East Siberian Arctic Shelf (ESAS) constitute a substantial carbon pool, and a potentially large source of methane to the atmo- sphere. Previous studies based on interpolated oceanographic campaigns estimated atmospheric emissions from this area at 8–17 TgCH4 yr−1. Here, we propose insights based on atmospheric observations to evaluate these estimates. The comparison of high-resolution simulations of atmospheric methane mole fractions to continuous methane observations during the whole year 2012 confirms the high variability and heterogeneity of the methane releases from ESAS. A ref- erence scenario with ESAS emissions of 8 TgCH4 yr−1, in the lower part of previously estimated emissions, is found to largely overestimate atmospheric observations in winter, likely related to overestimated methane leakage through sea ice. In contrast, in summer, simulations are more consis- tent with observations. Based on a comprehensive statistical analysis of the observations and of the simulations, annual methane emissions from ESAS are estimated to range from 0.0 to 4.5 TgCH4 yr−1. Isotopic observations suggest a bio- genic origin (either terrestrial or marine) of the methane in air masses originating from ESAS during late summer 2008 and 2009.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4147-4157
Number of pages11
JournalAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 30 Mar 2016

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