A performance guaranteed indoor positioning system using conformal prediction and the WiFi signal strength

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Indoor navigation provides the positioning service to the indoor users, where the GPS coverage is not available. The challenges for most signal-based indoor positioning systems are the unpredictable signal propagation caused by the complex building interiors, and the dynamic of the environment caused by the peoples' movements. However, most existing systems made no assumption about the quality of their predictions, which is crucial in such noisy indoor environment.To address this challenge, this article proposes a confidence measure to reflect the uncertainty of the positioning prediction. More importantly, the users may control the size of the prediction set by setting the confidence level tailoring to their personal requirement. The proposed approach in this article has been validated in three real office buildings with challenging indoor environments, which indicated that it performed up to 20% more accurate than traditional Naïve Bayes and Weighted K-nearest neighbours (W-KNN) algorithms.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-65
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Information and Telecommunication
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 3 Mar 2017

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