Working memory predicts semantic comprehension in dichotic listening in older adults. / James, Philip J.; Krishnan, Saloni; Aydelott, Jennifer.

In: Cognition, Vol. 133, No. 1, 10.2014, p. 32-42.

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Working memory predicts semantic comprehension in dichotic listening in older adults. / James, Philip J.; Krishnan, Saloni; Aydelott, Jennifer.

In: Cognition, Vol. 133, No. 1, 10.2014, p. 32-42.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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James, Philip J. ; Krishnan, Saloni ; Aydelott, Jennifer. / Working memory predicts semantic comprehension in dichotic listening in older adults. In: Cognition. 2014 ; Vol. 133, No. 1. pp. 32-42.

BibTeX

@article{39189f4dc49c43a6916ac91b5e0038b0,
title = "Working memory predicts semantic comprehension in dichotic listening in older adults",
abstract = "Older adults have difficulty understanding spoken language in the presence of competing voices. Everyday social situations involving multiple simultaneous talkers may become increasingly challenging in later life due to changes in the ability to focus attention. This study examined whether individual differences in cognitive function predict older adults' ability to access sentence-level meanings in competing speech using a dichotic priming paradigm. Older listeners showed faster responses to words that matched the meaning of spoken sentences presented to the left or right ear, relative to a neutral baseline. However, older adults were more vulnerable than younger adults to interference from competing speech when the competing signal was presented to the right ear. This pattern of performance was strongly correlated with a non-auditory working memory measure, suggesting that cognitive factors play a key role in semantic comprehension in competing speech in healthy aging.",
keywords = "Aging, Auditory language processing, Dichotic listening, Psycholinguistics, Working memory",
author = "James, {Philip J.} and Saloni Krishnan and Jennifer Aydelott",
year = "2014",
month = oct,
doi = "10.1016/j.cognition.2014.05.014",
language = "English",
volume = "133",
pages = "32--42",
journal = "Cognition",
issn = "0010-0277",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Working memory predicts semantic comprehension in dichotic listening in older adults

AU - James, Philip J.

AU - Krishnan, Saloni

AU - Aydelott, Jennifer

PY - 2014/10

Y1 - 2014/10

N2 - Older adults have difficulty understanding spoken language in the presence of competing voices. Everyday social situations involving multiple simultaneous talkers may become increasingly challenging in later life due to changes in the ability to focus attention. This study examined whether individual differences in cognitive function predict older adults' ability to access sentence-level meanings in competing speech using a dichotic priming paradigm. Older listeners showed faster responses to words that matched the meaning of spoken sentences presented to the left or right ear, relative to a neutral baseline. However, older adults were more vulnerable than younger adults to interference from competing speech when the competing signal was presented to the right ear. This pattern of performance was strongly correlated with a non-auditory working memory measure, suggesting that cognitive factors play a key role in semantic comprehension in competing speech in healthy aging.

AB - Older adults have difficulty understanding spoken language in the presence of competing voices. Everyday social situations involving multiple simultaneous talkers may become increasingly challenging in later life due to changes in the ability to focus attention. This study examined whether individual differences in cognitive function predict older adults' ability to access sentence-level meanings in competing speech using a dichotic priming paradigm. Older listeners showed faster responses to words that matched the meaning of spoken sentences presented to the left or right ear, relative to a neutral baseline. However, older adults were more vulnerable than younger adults to interference from competing speech when the competing signal was presented to the right ear. This pattern of performance was strongly correlated with a non-auditory working memory measure, suggesting that cognitive factors play a key role in semantic comprehension in competing speech in healthy aging.

KW - Aging

KW - Auditory language processing

KW - Dichotic listening

KW - Psycholinguistics

KW - Working memory

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84902676799&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.cognition.2014.05.014

DO - 10.1016/j.cognition.2014.05.014

M3 - Article

C2 - 24955886

AN - SCOPUS:84902676799

VL - 133

SP - 32

EP - 42

JO - Cognition

JF - Cognition

SN - 0010-0277

IS - 1

ER -