Values, Self-Mastery and Social Support in Homeless Contexts: Implications for Wellbeing and Social Integration. / Rea, Jessica.

2019. 436 p.

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis




To identify whether psychological changes occur in the context of homelessness and potentially precede improvements in housing, a series of three mixed-method studies were conducted. These included an interview study with twenty homeless people, a cross-sectional study quantitatively comparing psychological differences between homeless and housed groups (n=323), and a longitudinal study exploring the relationship between psychological changes and subsequent changes in housing status for a mixture of both homeless and housed participants (n=93). The studies found that homeless people perceived changes in their values, self-mastery, mental health and social support related to their homelessness experiences. Homeless participants had higher conservation value preferences, and lower self-enhancement and self-transcendence value preferences, compared with housed groups. Homeless participants also reported significantly lower levels of self-mastery, mental health and perceived social support than housed groups. Psychological changes including increases in mental health, self-mastery and the importance of self-transcendence values, as well as decreases in the importance of openness-to-change values, were associated with later improvements in housing. The findings that homeless people quantifiably differ from housed groups in terms of their value preferences and sense of self-mastery, and that related changes in these factors over time are associated with improvements in housing outcomes for people suggest potential for psychologically informed support interventions.
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
Award date1 Aug 2019
Publication statusUnpublished - 2019
This open access research output is licenced under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.

ID: 34308703