Using Design Thinking to Understand Cyber Attack Surfaces of Future Smart Grids. / Snow, Stephen; Happa, Jassim; Horrocks, Neil; Glencross, Mashhuda.

In: Frontiers in Energy Research, 2020.

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Using Design Thinking to Understand Cyber Attack Surfaces of Future Smart Grids. / Snow, Stephen; Happa, Jassim; Horrocks, Neil; Glencross, Mashhuda.

In: Frontiers in Energy Research, 2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Snow, Stephen ; Happa, Jassim ; Horrocks, Neil ; Glencross, Mashhuda. / Using Design Thinking to Understand Cyber Attack Surfaces of Future Smart Grids. In: Frontiers in Energy Research. 2020.

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@article{73b99d2ed96d44f795c76df47f03f156,
title = "Using Design Thinking to Understand Cyber Attack Surfaces of Future Smart Grids",
abstract = "The success and proliferation of smart enabled electricity grids depends on our ability to reason predict and prevent adversarial behaviour. This paper details a novel application of design thinking to smart grid cyber security, presenting a scalable framework for defining, ranking and externally validating future smart grid threats and then modelling adversarial behaviour. Using an expert panel for external validation, this paper prioritises three salient threats to smart grid security in the near future: (1) malicious entry to a network operator{\textquoteright}s control room allowing remote shutdown of grid infrastructure, (2) distract and decoy tactics as a means of diverting resources away from the site of an attack, and (3) manipulation of demand attacks using widespread commandeering of household IoT technology. Smart grids represent a salient test deployment for this framework, given the near complete lack of successful existing attacks from which empirical evidence can be leveraged. Our framework for reasoning about potential future threats is scalable from company-specific to sector-wide threats and enables risk owners to make well-informed decisions and better prepare against future threats.",
keywords = "Security, Smart Grid, Design Thinking, Attack Modelling",
author = "Stephen Snow and Jassim Happa and Neil Horrocks and Mashhuda Glencross",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.3389/fenrg.2020.591999",
language = "English",
journal = "Frontiers in Energy Research",
publisher = "Frontiers Media S.A.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Using Design Thinking to Understand Cyber Attack Surfaces of Future Smart Grids

AU - Snow, Stephen

AU - Happa, Jassim

AU - Horrocks, Neil

AU - Glencross, Mashhuda

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - The success and proliferation of smart enabled electricity grids depends on our ability to reason predict and prevent adversarial behaviour. This paper details a novel application of design thinking to smart grid cyber security, presenting a scalable framework for defining, ranking and externally validating future smart grid threats and then modelling adversarial behaviour. Using an expert panel for external validation, this paper prioritises three salient threats to smart grid security in the near future: (1) malicious entry to a network operator’s control room allowing remote shutdown of grid infrastructure, (2) distract and decoy tactics as a means of diverting resources away from the site of an attack, and (3) manipulation of demand attacks using widespread commandeering of household IoT technology. Smart grids represent a salient test deployment for this framework, given the near complete lack of successful existing attacks from which empirical evidence can be leveraged. Our framework for reasoning about potential future threats is scalable from company-specific to sector-wide threats and enables risk owners to make well-informed decisions and better prepare against future threats.

AB - The success and proliferation of smart enabled electricity grids depends on our ability to reason predict and prevent adversarial behaviour. This paper details a novel application of design thinking to smart grid cyber security, presenting a scalable framework for defining, ranking and externally validating future smart grid threats and then modelling adversarial behaviour. Using an expert panel for external validation, this paper prioritises three salient threats to smart grid security in the near future: (1) malicious entry to a network operator’s control room allowing remote shutdown of grid infrastructure, (2) distract and decoy tactics as a means of diverting resources away from the site of an attack, and (3) manipulation of demand attacks using widespread commandeering of household IoT technology. Smart grids represent a salient test deployment for this framework, given the near complete lack of successful existing attacks from which empirical evidence can be leveraged. Our framework for reasoning about potential future threats is scalable from company-specific to sector-wide threats and enables risk owners to make well-informed decisions and better prepare against future threats.

KW - Security

KW - Smart Grid

KW - Design Thinking

KW - Attack Modelling

U2 - 10.3389/fenrg.2020.591999

DO - 10.3389/fenrg.2020.591999

M3 - Article

JO - Frontiers in Energy Research

JF - Frontiers in Energy Research

ER -