Universal patterns underlying ongoing wars and terrorism. / Spagat, M; Johnson, N. F; Restrepo, J. A; Becerra, O; Bohórquez, J. C; Restrepo, E. M; Zarama, R.

2006. (Conflict).

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paper

  • M Spagat
  • N. F Johnson
  • J. A Restrepo
  • O Becerra
  • J. C Bohórquez
  • E. M Restrepo
  • R Zarama


we report a remarkable universality in the patterns of violence in three high profile ongoing wars, and in global terrorism. Our results suggest that these quite different conflict arenas currently feature a common type of enemy, i.e. the various insurgent forces are beginning to operate in a similar way regardles of their underlying idealogies, motivations and the terrain in which they operate. We provide a microscopic theory to explain our main observations. This theory treats the insurgent force as a generic, self-organizing system which is dynamically evolving through the continual coalescence and fragmentation of its constituent groups.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2006

Publication series

This open access research output is licenced under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.

ID: 887428