Trouble articulating the right words: Evidence for a response-exclusion account of distraction during semantic fluency. / Marsh, John E; Crawford, Jessica C; Pilgrim, Lea K; Sörqvist, Patrik; Hughes, R.W.

In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 22.08.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

E-pub ahead of print
  • John E Marsh
  • Jessica C Crawford
  • Lea K Pilgrim
  • Patrik Sörqvist
  • R.W. Hughes


It is widely held that single-word lexical access is a competitive process, a view based largely on the observation that naming a picture is slowed in the presence of a distractor-word. However, problematic for this view is that a low-frequency distractor-word slows the naming of a picture more than does a high-frequency word. This supports an alternative, response-exclusion, account in which a distractor-word interferes because it must be excluded from an articulatory output buffer before the right word can be articulated (the picture name): A high, compared to low, frequency word accesses the buffer more quickly and, as such, can also be excluded more quickly. Here we studied the respective roles of competition and response-exclusion for the first time in the context of semantic verbal fluency, a setting requiring the accessing of, and production of, multiple words from long-term memory in response to a single semantic cue. We show that disruption to semantic fluency by a sequence of to-be-ignored spoken distractors is also greater when those distractors are low in frequency, thereby extending the explanatory compass of the response-exclusion account to a multiple-word production setting and casting further doubt on the lexical-selection-by-competition view. The results can be understood as reflecting the contribution of speech output processes to semantic fluency.
Original languageEnglish
JournalScandinavian Journal of Psychology
Early online date22 Aug 2017
StateE-pub ahead of print - 22 Aug 2017
This open access research output is licenced under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.

ID: 28442266