To Pee, or Not to Pee : A Review on Envenomation and Treatment in European Jellyfish Species. / Montgomery, Louise; Seys, Jan ; Mees, Jan.

In: Marine Drugs, Vol. 14, No. 7, 127, 08.07.2016, p. 1-21.

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To Pee, or Not to Pee : A Review on Envenomation and Treatment in European Jellyfish Species. / Montgomery, Louise; Seys, Jan ; Mees, Jan.

In: Marine Drugs, Vol. 14, No. 7, 127, 08.07.2016, p. 1-21.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Montgomery, Louise ; Seys, Jan ; Mees, Jan. / To Pee, or Not to Pee : A Review on Envenomation and Treatment in European Jellyfish Species. In: Marine Drugs. 2016 ; Vol. 14, No. 7. pp. 1-21.

BibTeX

@article{f46a243ac146496a8c1ec6c7ffb0d519,
title = "To Pee, or Not to Pee: A Review on Envenomation and Treatment in European Jellyfish Species",
abstract = "There is a growing cause for concern on envenoming European species because of jellyfish blooms, climate change and globalization displacing species. Treatment of envenomation involves the prevention of further nematocyst release and relieving local and systemic symptoms. Many anecdotal treatments are available but species-specific first aid response is essential for effective treatment. However, species identification is difficult in most cases. There is evidence that oral analgesics, seawater, baking soda slurry and 42–45 °C hot water are effective against nematocyst inhibition and giving pain relief. The application of topical vinegar for 30 s is effective on stings of specific species. Treatments, which produce osmotic or pressure changes can exacerbate the initial sting and aggravate symptoms, common among many anecdotal treatments. Most available therapies are based on weak evidence and thus it is strongly recommended that randomized clinical trials are undertaken. We recommend a vital increase in directed research on the effect of environmental factors on envenoming mechanisms and to establish a species-specific treatment. Adequate signage on jellyfish stings and standardized first aid protocols with emphasis on protective equipment and avoidance of jellyfish to minimize cases should be implemented in areas at risk.",
author = "Louise Montgomery and Jan Seys and Jan Mees",
year = "2016",
month = jul,
day = "8",
doi = "10.3390/md14070127",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
pages = "1--21",
journal = "Marine Drugs",
publisher = "MDPI",
number = "7",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - To Pee, or Not to Pee

T2 - A Review on Envenomation and Treatment in European Jellyfish Species

AU - Montgomery, Louise

AU - Seys, Jan

AU - Mees, Jan

PY - 2016/7/8

Y1 - 2016/7/8

N2 - There is a growing cause for concern on envenoming European species because of jellyfish blooms, climate change and globalization displacing species. Treatment of envenomation involves the prevention of further nematocyst release and relieving local and systemic symptoms. Many anecdotal treatments are available but species-specific first aid response is essential for effective treatment. However, species identification is difficult in most cases. There is evidence that oral analgesics, seawater, baking soda slurry and 42–45 °C hot water are effective against nematocyst inhibition and giving pain relief. The application of topical vinegar for 30 s is effective on stings of specific species. Treatments, which produce osmotic or pressure changes can exacerbate the initial sting and aggravate symptoms, common among many anecdotal treatments. Most available therapies are based on weak evidence and thus it is strongly recommended that randomized clinical trials are undertaken. We recommend a vital increase in directed research on the effect of environmental factors on envenoming mechanisms and to establish a species-specific treatment. Adequate signage on jellyfish stings and standardized first aid protocols with emphasis on protective equipment and avoidance of jellyfish to minimize cases should be implemented in areas at risk.

AB - There is a growing cause for concern on envenoming European species because of jellyfish blooms, climate change and globalization displacing species. Treatment of envenomation involves the prevention of further nematocyst release and relieving local and systemic symptoms. Many anecdotal treatments are available but species-specific first aid response is essential for effective treatment. However, species identification is difficult in most cases. There is evidence that oral analgesics, seawater, baking soda slurry and 42–45 °C hot water are effective against nematocyst inhibition and giving pain relief. The application of topical vinegar for 30 s is effective on stings of specific species. Treatments, which produce osmotic or pressure changes can exacerbate the initial sting and aggravate symptoms, common among many anecdotal treatments. Most available therapies are based on weak evidence and thus it is strongly recommended that randomized clinical trials are undertaken. We recommend a vital increase in directed research on the effect of environmental factors on envenoming mechanisms and to establish a species-specific treatment. Adequate signage on jellyfish stings and standardized first aid protocols with emphasis on protective equipment and avoidance of jellyfish to minimize cases should be implemented in areas at risk.

U2 - 10.3390/md14070127

DO - 10.3390/md14070127

M3 - Article

VL - 14

SP - 1

EP - 21

JO - Marine Drugs

JF - Marine Drugs

IS - 7

M1 - 127

ER -