“Their Cross to Bear” : The Church of England and Military Service during the First World War. / Madigan, Edward.

In: Annali di Scienze Religiose, Vol. 8, 25.08.2015, p. 165-200.

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“Their Cross to Bear” : The Church of England and Military Service during the First World War. / Madigan, Edward.

In: Annali di Scienze Religiose, Vol. 8, 25.08.2015, p. 165-200.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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@article{ff2137485b5f4ebc9fafee71b203638c,
title = "“Their Cross to Bear”: The Church of England and Military Service during the First World War",
abstract = "From the earliest days of the First World War, the Church of England and its clergy closely aligned themselves with the British government{\textquoteright}s interpretation of the conflict and actively supported the national war effort, notably playing a major role in the recruitment campaigns of 1914 and 1915. Despite their vocal support for the war, however, the leadership of the Church was adamant, until the final year of the conflict, that junior clergymen should not volunteer to serve as combatant officers. Clergymen of all denominations were also formally excluded from the terms of the Military Service Act of 1916 and enjoyed a somewhat sheltered status in wartime Britain. This apparently contradictory position attracted a steadily increasing degree of criticism throughout the war years, both from the Anglican laity and from traditionally anticlerical quarters. It also further alienated working class opinion and caused significant frustration and anger among Anglican army chaplains on the Western Front. Drawing on a variety of contemporary sources, this article outlines and assesses the criticism directed at the Church on the issue of military service from 1914 to 1918 and closes with commentary on the longer-term impact of the clergy{\textquoteright}s wartime rhetoric and activity for Anglicanism in Britain. ",
keywords = "First World War, Cultural history, Religious History, Church and State, British history",
author = "Edward Madigan",
note = "This article appeared in a specially themed issue of Annali di Scienze Religiose on Religion during the First World War",
year = "2015",
month = aug,
day = "25",
doi = "10.1484/j.asr.5.110640",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "165--200",
journal = "Annali di Scienze Religiose",
issn = "2031-5929",
publisher = "Brepols",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - “Their Cross to Bear”

T2 - The Church of England and Military Service during the First World War

AU - Madigan, Edward

N1 - This article appeared in a specially themed issue of Annali di Scienze Religiose on Religion during the First World War

PY - 2015/8/25

Y1 - 2015/8/25

N2 - From the earliest days of the First World War, the Church of England and its clergy closely aligned themselves with the British government’s interpretation of the conflict and actively supported the national war effort, notably playing a major role in the recruitment campaigns of 1914 and 1915. Despite their vocal support for the war, however, the leadership of the Church was adamant, until the final year of the conflict, that junior clergymen should not volunteer to serve as combatant officers. Clergymen of all denominations were also formally excluded from the terms of the Military Service Act of 1916 and enjoyed a somewhat sheltered status in wartime Britain. This apparently contradictory position attracted a steadily increasing degree of criticism throughout the war years, both from the Anglican laity and from traditionally anticlerical quarters. It also further alienated working class opinion and caused significant frustration and anger among Anglican army chaplains on the Western Front. Drawing on a variety of contemporary sources, this article outlines and assesses the criticism directed at the Church on the issue of military service from 1914 to 1918 and closes with commentary on the longer-term impact of the clergy’s wartime rhetoric and activity for Anglicanism in Britain.

AB - From the earliest days of the First World War, the Church of England and its clergy closely aligned themselves with the British government’s interpretation of the conflict and actively supported the national war effort, notably playing a major role in the recruitment campaigns of 1914 and 1915. Despite their vocal support for the war, however, the leadership of the Church was adamant, until the final year of the conflict, that junior clergymen should not volunteer to serve as combatant officers. Clergymen of all denominations were also formally excluded from the terms of the Military Service Act of 1916 and enjoyed a somewhat sheltered status in wartime Britain. This apparently contradictory position attracted a steadily increasing degree of criticism throughout the war years, both from the Anglican laity and from traditionally anticlerical quarters. It also further alienated working class opinion and caused significant frustration and anger among Anglican army chaplains on the Western Front. Drawing on a variety of contemporary sources, this article outlines and assesses the criticism directed at the Church on the issue of military service from 1914 to 1918 and closes with commentary on the longer-term impact of the clergy’s wartime rhetoric and activity for Anglicanism in Britain.

KW - First World War

KW - Cultural history

KW - Religious History

KW - Church and State

KW - British history

U2 - 10.1484/j.asr.5.110640

DO - 10.1484/j.asr.5.110640

M3 - Article

VL - 8

SP - 165

EP - 200

JO - Annali di Scienze Religiose

JF - Annali di Scienze Religiose

SN - 2031-5929

ER -