The urbicide of Beirut? Geopolitics and the built environment in the Lebanese civil war (1975-1976). / Fregonese, Sara.

In: Political Geography, Vol. 28, No. 5, 2009, p. 309.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Published

Standard

The urbicide of Beirut? Geopolitics and the built environment in the Lebanese civil war (1975-1976). / Fregonese, Sara.

In: Political Geography, Vol. 28, No. 5, 2009, p. 309.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

APA

Vancouver

Author

BibTeX

@article{9206543ac6074aa9a982ea365d688024,
title = "The urbicide of Beirut? Geopolitics and the built environment in the Lebanese civil war (1975-1976)",
abstract = "In this paper I employ critically the idea of urbicide to explore the reciprocity between geopolitical discourses and the changing materiality of cities experiencing conflict. In doing so, the paper problematises assumptions about cities newly replacing states as post-Cold war pivots of political violence. This critique operates through the example of Beirut, a city which endured conflict before the end of the Cold War and a city where the production of geopolitical meanings was multi-sited, as national, transnational and sub-national geopolitical discourses were renegotiated through the everyday urban spaces of war. Analysing the relationship between these discourses and the violence perpetrated by the militiasamidst and against Beirut{\textquoteright}s built fabric, the paper brings a fresh empirical focus on the understudied early phases of the Lebanese civil war (1975–1976) by reading contrapuntally a number of state-based geopolitical accounts of the time on Lebanon alongside oral, written and graphic representations produced by urban militias during combat as well as in present recollections by their former members. The paper argues that urbicide is a useful concept to interpret the links between political violence and physical urban space. However, urbicide should also be employed as a theoretical and methodological tool to investigate contextually specific and multi-sited geopolitical accounts between the national and the subnational rather than as a descriptive category exclusive to post-Cold War conflicts or alluding to abstract ideas of urbanity.",
keywords = "critical geopolitics, urbicide, Beirut",
author = "Sara Fregonese",
year = "2009",
doi = "10.1016/j.polgeo.2009.07.005",
language = "English",
volume = "28",
pages = "309",
journal = "Political Geography",
issn = "0962-6298",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The urbicide of Beirut? Geopolitics and the built environment in the Lebanese civil war (1975-1976)

AU - Fregonese, Sara

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - In this paper I employ critically the idea of urbicide to explore the reciprocity between geopolitical discourses and the changing materiality of cities experiencing conflict. In doing so, the paper problematises assumptions about cities newly replacing states as post-Cold war pivots of political violence. This critique operates through the example of Beirut, a city which endured conflict before the end of the Cold War and a city where the production of geopolitical meanings was multi-sited, as national, transnational and sub-national geopolitical discourses were renegotiated through the everyday urban spaces of war. Analysing the relationship between these discourses and the violence perpetrated by the militiasamidst and against Beirut’s built fabric, the paper brings a fresh empirical focus on the understudied early phases of the Lebanese civil war (1975–1976) by reading contrapuntally a number of state-based geopolitical accounts of the time on Lebanon alongside oral, written and graphic representations produced by urban militias during combat as well as in present recollections by their former members. The paper argues that urbicide is a useful concept to interpret the links between political violence and physical urban space. However, urbicide should also be employed as a theoretical and methodological tool to investigate contextually specific and multi-sited geopolitical accounts between the national and the subnational rather than as a descriptive category exclusive to post-Cold War conflicts or alluding to abstract ideas of urbanity.

AB - In this paper I employ critically the idea of urbicide to explore the reciprocity between geopolitical discourses and the changing materiality of cities experiencing conflict. In doing so, the paper problematises assumptions about cities newly replacing states as post-Cold war pivots of political violence. This critique operates through the example of Beirut, a city which endured conflict before the end of the Cold War and a city where the production of geopolitical meanings was multi-sited, as national, transnational and sub-national geopolitical discourses were renegotiated through the everyday urban spaces of war. Analysing the relationship between these discourses and the violence perpetrated by the militiasamidst and against Beirut’s built fabric, the paper brings a fresh empirical focus on the understudied early phases of the Lebanese civil war (1975–1976) by reading contrapuntally a number of state-based geopolitical accounts of the time on Lebanon alongside oral, written and graphic representations produced by urban militias during combat as well as in present recollections by their former members. The paper argues that urbicide is a useful concept to interpret the links between political violence and physical urban space. However, urbicide should also be employed as a theoretical and methodological tool to investigate contextually specific and multi-sited geopolitical accounts between the national and the subnational rather than as a descriptive category exclusive to post-Cold War conflicts or alluding to abstract ideas of urbanity.

KW - critical geopolitics

KW - urbicide

KW - Beirut

U2 - 10.1016/j.polgeo.2009.07.005

DO - 10.1016/j.polgeo.2009.07.005

M3 - Article

VL - 28

SP - 309

JO - Political Geography

JF - Political Geography

SN - 0962-6298

IS - 5

ER -