The Shi’i clergy and perceived opportunity structures : political activism in Iran, Iraq, and Lebanon. / Kalantari, Mohammad.

In: British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, 21.04.2019, p. 1-15.

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The Shi’i clergy and perceived opportunity structures : political activism in Iran, Iraq, and Lebanon. / Kalantari, Mohammad.

In: British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, 21.04.2019, p. 1-15.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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@article{bc511208adde4571bc49c43d0daf9527,
title = "The Shi{\textquoteright}i clergy and perceived opportunity structures: political activism in Iran, Iraq, and Lebanon",
abstract = "During the last four decades, the Middle East has witnessed the rise of Shi{\textquoteright}i political activism, through the direct engagement of clerical elites in socio-political arenas. With the re-emergence of activism on the part of Shi{\textquoteright}i mujtahids and its impact on the ascent of Shi{\textquoteright}i community in Iran, Iraq, and Lebanon, scholars have defined a distinct strategic difference between what they characterise as {\textquoteleft}quietist{\textquoteright} and {\textquoteleft}activist{\textquoteright} Shi{\textquoteright}i mujtahids. This paper argues that this distinction is based on a misunderstanding of Shi{\textquoteright} doctrines and practices, and that, in the varying political contexts which arise in the Middle East, Shi{\textquoteright}i mujtahids are always potentially active. It first introduces an analytical scheme for the study of Shi{\textquoteright}i clerical political practices. It then uses this schema to explore recent Shi{\textquoteright}i clerical political activism in the region. ",
keywords = "Shi{\textquoteright}i clergy, political Islam, political activism, opportunity structures",
author = "Mohammad Kalantari",
year = "2019",
month = apr,
day = "21",
doi = "10.1080/13530194.2019.1605879",
language = "English",
pages = "1--15",
journal = "British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies",
issn = "1353-0194",
publisher = "Routledge",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Shi’i clergy and perceived opportunity structures

T2 - political activism in Iran, Iraq, and Lebanon

AU - Kalantari, Mohammad

PY - 2019/4/21

Y1 - 2019/4/21

N2 - During the last four decades, the Middle East has witnessed the rise of Shi’i political activism, through the direct engagement of clerical elites in socio-political arenas. With the re-emergence of activism on the part of Shi’i mujtahids and its impact on the ascent of Shi’i community in Iran, Iraq, and Lebanon, scholars have defined a distinct strategic difference between what they characterise as ‘quietist’ and ‘activist’ Shi’i mujtahids. This paper argues that this distinction is based on a misunderstanding of Shi’ doctrines and practices, and that, in the varying political contexts which arise in the Middle East, Shi’i mujtahids are always potentially active. It first introduces an analytical scheme for the study of Shi’i clerical political practices. It then uses this schema to explore recent Shi’i clerical political activism in the region.

AB - During the last four decades, the Middle East has witnessed the rise of Shi’i political activism, through the direct engagement of clerical elites in socio-political arenas. With the re-emergence of activism on the part of Shi’i mujtahids and its impact on the ascent of Shi’i community in Iran, Iraq, and Lebanon, scholars have defined a distinct strategic difference between what they characterise as ‘quietist’ and ‘activist’ Shi’i mujtahids. This paper argues that this distinction is based on a misunderstanding of Shi’ doctrines and practices, and that, in the varying political contexts which arise in the Middle East, Shi’i mujtahids are always potentially active. It first introduces an analytical scheme for the study of Shi’i clerical political practices. It then uses this schema to explore recent Shi’i clerical political activism in the region.

KW - Shi’i clergy

KW - political Islam

KW - political activism

KW - opportunity structures

U2 - 10.1080/13530194.2019.1605879

DO - 10.1080/13530194.2019.1605879

M3 - Article

SP - 1

EP - 15

JO - British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies

JF - British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies

SN - 1353-0194

ER -