The role of audience familiarity and activity outcome in children’s understanding of disclaimers. / Nesbit, Rachel; Watling, Dawn.

In: British Journal of Developmental Psychology, Vol. 37, No. 2, 06.2019, p. 230-246.

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The role of audience familiarity and activity outcome in children’s understanding of disclaimers. / Nesbit, Rachel; Watling, Dawn.

In: British Journal of Developmental Psychology, Vol. 37, No. 2, 06.2019, p. 230-246.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Nesbit, Rachel ; Watling, Dawn. / The role of audience familiarity and activity outcome in children’s understanding of disclaimers. In: British Journal of Developmental Psychology. 2019 ; Vol. 37, No. 2. pp. 230-246.

BibTeX

@article{121083c170e648e2a2f0087b48ff187a,
title = "The role of audience familiarity and activity outcome in children{\textquoteright}s understanding of disclaimers",
abstract = "Disclaimers are used prior to expected poor performance to protect the individual from being evaluated negatively by the audience (Lee et al., 1999). In this study 8-, 11-, and 14-year-olds (N = 147) heard stories of a protagonist telling a familiar or unfamiliar peer that they did not think that they would perform well today, followed by either no disclaimer or a disclaimer and the activity outcome. Children judged how the audience would rate the protagonist{\textquoteright}s typical performance and character, and judged their response motivation. Children judged that familiar audiences would be more positive about typical performance and character than unfamiliar audiences; this varied depending on disclaimer use and participant sex. Further, children{\textquoteright}s typical performance judgements were more positive when the outcome was negative if a disclaimer was offered, with older children recognising the self-presentational motivation in these conditions. Results are explored in relation to children{\textquoteright}s understanding of disclaimers.",
keywords = "audience, familiarity, self-presentation, impression management, disclaimers",
author = "Rachel Nesbit and Dawn Watling",
year = "2019",
month = jun,
doi = "10.1111/bjdp.12269",
language = "English",
volume = "37",
pages = "230--246",
journal = "British Journal of Developmental Psychology",
issn = "0261-510X",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The role of audience familiarity and activity outcome in children’s understanding of disclaimers

AU - Nesbit, Rachel

AU - Watling, Dawn

PY - 2019/6

Y1 - 2019/6

N2 - Disclaimers are used prior to expected poor performance to protect the individual from being evaluated negatively by the audience (Lee et al., 1999). In this study 8-, 11-, and 14-year-olds (N = 147) heard stories of a protagonist telling a familiar or unfamiliar peer that they did not think that they would perform well today, followed by either no disclaimer or a disclaimer and the activity outcome. Children judged how the audience would rate the protagonist’s typical performance and character, and judged their response motivation. Children judged that familiar audiences would be more positive about typical performance and character than unfamiliar audiences; this varied depending on disclaimer use and participant sex. Further, children’s typical performance judgements were more positive when the outcome was negative if a disclaimer was offered, with older children recognising the self-presentational motivation in these conditions. Results are explored in relation to children’s understanding of disclaimers.

AB - Disclaimers are used prior to expected poor performance to protect the individual from being evaluated negatively by the audience (Lee et al., 1999). In this study 8-, 11-, and 14-year-olds (N = 147) heard stories of a protagonist telling a familiar or unfamiliar peer that they did not think that they would perform well today, followed by either no disclaimer or a disclaimer and the activity outcome. Children judged how the audience would rate the protagonist’s typical performance and character, and judged their response motivation. Children judged that familiar audiences would be more positive about typical performance and character than unfamiliar audiences; this varied depending on disclaimer use and participant sex. Further, children’s typical performance judgements were more positive when the outcome was negative if a disclaimer was offered, with older children recognising the self-presentational motivation in these conditions. Results are explored in relation to children’s understanding of disclaimers.

KW - audience

KW - familiarity

KW - self-presentation

KW - impression management

KW - disclaimers

UR - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/bjdp.12269

U2 - 10.1111/bjdp.12269

DO - 10.1111/bjdp.12269

M3 - Article

VL - 37

SP - 230

EP - 246

JO - British Journal of Developmental Psychology

JF - British Journal of Developmental Psychology

SN - 0261-510X

IS - 2

ER -