The RESET project : constructing a European tephra lattice for refined synchronisation of environmental and archaeological events during the last c. 100 ka. / Lowe, Joseph; Ramsey, Christopher Bronk; Housley, Rupert; Lane, Christine; Tomlinson, Emma L.; RESET Team; RESET Associates ; Lincoln, Paul.

In: Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 118, 1, 15.06.2015, p. 1-17.

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The RESET project : constructing a European tephra lattice for refined synchronisation of environmental and archaeological events during the last c. 100 ka. / Lowe, Joseph; Ramsey, Christopher Bronk; Housley, Rupert; Lane, Christine; Tomlinson, Emma L.; RESET Team; RESET Associates ; Lincoln, Paul.

In: Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 118, 1, 15.06.2015, p. 1-17.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Lowe, Joseph ; Ramsey, Christopher Bronk ; Housley, Rupert ; Lane, Christine ; Tomlinson, Emma L. ; RESET Team ; RESET Associates ; Lincoln, Paul. / The RESET project : constructing a European tephra lattice for refined synchronisation of environmental and archaeological events during the last c. 100 ka. In: Quaternary Science Reviews. 2015 ; Vol. 118. pp. 1-17.

BibTeX

@article{906cd02034a542a4957ade9174665c80,
title = "The RESET project: constructing a European tephra lattice for refined synchronisation of environmental and archaeological events during the last c. 100 ka",
abstract = "This paper introduces the aims and scope of the RESET project (RESponse of humans to abrupt Environmental Transitions), a programme of research funded by the Natural Environment Research Council (UK) between 2008 and 2013; it also provides the context and rationale for papers included in a special volume of Quaternary Science Reviews that report some of the project's findings. RESET examined the chronological and correlation methods employed to establish causal links between the timing of abrupt environmental transitions (AETs) on the one hand, and of human dispersal and development on the other, with a focus on the Middle and Upper Palaeolithic periods. The period of interest is the Last Glacial cycle and the early Holocene (c. 100e8 ka), during which time a number of pronounced AETs occurred. A long-running topic of debate is the degree to which human history in Europe and the Mediterranean region during the Palaeolithic was shaped by these AETs, but this has proved difficult to assess because of poor dating control. In an attempt to move the science forward, RESET examined the potential that tephra isochrons, and in particular non-visible ash layers (cryptotephras), might offer for synchronising palaeo-records with a greater degree of finesse. New tephrostratigraphical data generated by the project augment previously-established tephra frameworks for the region, and underpin a more evolved tephra {\textquoteleft}lattice{\textquoteright} that links palaeo-records between Greenland, the European mainland, sub-marine sequences in the Mediterranean and North Africa. The paper also outlines the significance of other contributions to this special volume: collectively, these illustrate how the lattice was constructed, how it links with cognate tephra research in Europe and elsewhere, and how the evidence of tephra isochrons is beginning to challenge long-held views about the impacts of environmental change on humans during the Palaeolithic.",
keywords = "Last glacial, Dansgaard-Oeschger and Heinrich events, Abrupt environmental transitions, Middle-Upper Palaeolithic, Volcanic ash isochrons, Tephra geochemistry, Tephra database",
author = "Joseph Lowe and Ramsey, {Christopher Bronk} and Rupert Housley and Christine Lane and Tomlinson, {Emma L.} and {RESET Team} and {RESET Associates} and Paul Lincoln",
year = "2015",
month = jun,
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.04.006",
language = "English",
volume = "118",
pages = "1--17",
journal = "Quaternary Science Reviews",
issn = "0277-3791",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The RESET project

T2 - constructing a European tephra lattice for refined synchronisation of environmental and archaeological events during the last c. 100 ka

AU - Lowe, Joseph

AU - Ramsey, Christopher Bronk

AU - Housley, Rupert

AU - Lane, Christine

AU - Tomlinson, Emma L.

AU - RESET Team

AU - RESET Associates

AU - Lincoln, Paul

PY - 2015/6/15

Y1 - 2015/6/15

N2 - This paper introduces the aims and scope of the RESET project (RESponse of humans to abrupt Environmental Transitions), a programme of research funded by the Natural Environment Research Council (UK) between 2008 and 2013; it also provides the context and rationale for papers included in a special volume of Quaternary Science Reviews that report some of the project's findings. RESET examined the chronological and correlation methods employed to establish causal links between the timing of abrupt environmental transitions (AETs) on the one hand, and of human dispersal and development on the other, with a focus on the Middle and Upper Palaeolithic periods. The period of interest is the Last Glacial cycle and the early Holocene (c. 100e8 ka), during which time a number of pronounced AETs occurred. A long-running topic of debate is the degree to which human history in Europe and the Mediterranean region during the Palaeolithic was shaped by these AETs, but this has proved difficult to assess because of poor dating control. In an attempt to move the science forward, RESET examined the potential that tephra isochrons, and in particular non-visible ash layers (cryptotephras), might offer for synchronising palaeo-records with a greater degree of finesse. New tephrostratigraphical data generated by the project augment previously-established tephra frameworks for the region, and underpin a more evolved tephra ‘lattice’ that links palaeo-records between Greenland, the European mainland, sub-marine sequences in the Mediterranean and North Africa. The paper also outlines the significance of other contributions to this special volume: collectively, these illustrate how the lattice was constructed, how it links with cognate tephra research in Europe and elsewhere, and how the evidence of tephra isochrons is beginning to challenge long-held views about the impacts of environmental change on humans during the Palaeolithic.

AB - This paper introduces the aims and scope of the RESET project (RESponse of humans to abrupt Environmental Transitions), a programme of research funded by the Natural Environment Research Council (UK) between 2008 and 2013; it also provides the context and rationale for papers included in a special volume of Quaternary Science Reviews that report some of the project's findings. RESET examined the chronological and correlation methods employed to establish causal links between the timing of abrupt environmental transitions (AETs) on the one hand, and of human dispersal and development on the other, with a focus on the Middle and Upper Palaeolithic periods. The period of interest is the Last Glacial cycle and the early Holocene (c. 100e8 ka), during which time a number of pronounced AETs occurred. A long-running topic of debate is the degree to which human history in Europe and the Mediterranean region during the Palaeolithic was shaped by these AETs, but this has proved difficult to assess because of poor dating control. In an attempt to move the science forward, RESET examined the potential that tephra isochrons, and in particular non-visible ash layers (cryptotephras), might offer for synchronising palaeo-records with a greater degree of finesse. New tephrostratigraphical data generated by the project augment previously-established tephra frameworks for the region, and underpin a more evolved tephra ‘lattice’ that links palaeo-records between Greenland, the European mainland, sub-marine sequences in the Mediterranean and North Africa. The paper also outlines the significance of other contributions to this special volume: collectively, these illustrate how the lattice was constructed, how it links with cognate tephra research in Europe and elsewhere, and how the evidence of tephra isochrons is beginning to challenge long-held views about the impacts of environmental change on humans during the Palaeolithic.

KW - Last glacial

KW - Dansgaard-Oeschger and Heinrich events

KW - Abrupt environmental transitions

KW - Middle-Upper Palaeolithic

KW - Volcanic ash isochrons

KW - Tephra geochemistry

KW - Tephra database

U2 - 10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.04.006

DO - 10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.04.006

M3 - Article

VL - 118

SP - 1

EP - 17

JO - Quaternary Science Reviews

JF - Quaternary Science Reviews

SN - 0277-3791

M1 - 1

ER -