The perceived causal relations between sensory reactivity differences and anxiety symptoms in autistic adults. / Verhulst, Isabelle; MacLennan, Keren; Haffey, Anthony; Tavassoli, Teresa.

In: Autism in Adulthood, 22.07.2022.

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The perceived causal relations between sensory reactivity differences and anxiety symptoms in autistic adults. / Verhulst, Isabelle; MacLennan, Keren; Haffey, Anthony; Tavassoli, Teresa.

In: Autism in Adulthood, 22.07.2022.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Verhulst, Isabelle ; MacLennan, Keren ; Haffey, Anthony ; Tavassoli, Teresa. / The perceived causal relations between sensory reactivity differences and anxiety symptoms in autistic adults. In: Autism in Adulthood. 2022.

BibTeX

@article{626a4c34f8784072a8af64ca80a0be2c,
title = "The perceived causal relations between sensory reactivity differences and anxiety symptoms in autistic adults",
abstract = "Background: Rates of anxiety are inordinately high in autistic adults. Sensory reactivity differences, such as hyperreactivity (e.g., strong reactions to sound), hyporeactivity (e.g., no, or slower reactions to pain), and seeking (e.g., fascination with spinning objects), are a diagnostic criterion of autism and have been linked with anxiety. Understanding how individuals perceive these to be causally related can impact the assessment and treatment of anxiety. Therefore, we examined the perceived causal relations (PCR) between sensory reactivity differences and anxiety in autistic adults.Method: Two hundred forty-six autistic adults aged 18–76 years took part in an online study. They completed self-report assessments of sensory reactivity differences, and anxiety, followed by the PCR scale, indicating whether they perceived their sensory reactivity differences to be more of a cause or an effect of their anxiety symptoms.Results: We found sensory reactivity hyperreactivity, hyporeactivity, and seeking to be significantly correlated with anxiety. Further, we found total sensory hyperreactivity, and visual, auditory, and olfactory hyperreactivity, to be perceived as significantly more of a cause of anxiety than an effect, and total sensory seeking, and tactile and vestibular seeking, to be perceived as significantly more of an effect of anxiety than a cause.Conclusion: Future individualized approaches to treating anxiety in autistic individuals may benefit from differentiating between potential sensory causes of anxiety (e.g. hypersensitivities) vs. potential sensory effects of anxiety (e.g. sensory seeking behaviors).",
keywords = "autism spectrum disorder, Anxiety Disorders, Sensory processing, Sensory Perception, perceived causal relationship",
author = "Isabelle Verhulst and Keren MacLennan and Anthony Haffey and Teresa Tavassoli",
year = "2022",
month = jul,
day = "22",
doi = "https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/2nhbv",
language = "English",
journal = "Autism in Adulthood",
issn = "2573-9581",
publisher = "Mary Ann Liebert Inc.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The perceived causal relations between sensory reactivity differences and anxiety symptoms in autistic adults

AU - Verhulst, Isabelle

AU - MacLennan, Keren

AU - Haffey, Anthony

AU - Tavassoli, Teresa

PY - 2022/7/22

Y1 - 2022/7/22

N2 - Background: Rates of anxiety are inordinately high in autistic adults. Sensory reactivity differences, such as hyperreactivity (e.g., strong reactions to sound), hyporeactivity (e.g., no, or slower reactions to pain), and seeking (e.g., fascination with spinning objects), are a diagnostic criterion of autism and have been linked with anxiety. Understanding how individuals perceive these to be causally related can impact the assessment and treatment of anxiety. Therefore, we examined the perceived causal relations (PCR) between sensory reactivity differences and anxiety in autistic adults.Method: Two hundred forty-six autistic adults aged 18–76 years took part in an online study. They completed self-report assessments of sensory reactivity differences, and anxiety, followed by the PCR scale, indicating whether they perceived their sensory reactivity differences to be more of a cause or an effect of their anxiety symptoms.Results: We found sensory reactivity hyperreactivity, hyporeactivity, and seeking to be significantly correlated with anxiety. Further, we found total sensory hyperreactivity, and visual, auditory, and olfactory hyperreactivity, to be perceived as significantly more of a cause of anxiety than an effect, and total sensory seeking, and tactile and vestibular seeking, to be perceived as significantly more of an effect of anxiety than a cause.Conclusion: Future individualized approaches to treating anxiety in autistic individuals may benefit from differentiating between potential sensory causes of anxiety (e.g. hypersensitivities) vs. potential sensory effects of anxiety (e.g. sensory seeking behaviors).

AB - Background: Rates of anxiety are inordinately high in autistic adults. Sensory reactivity differences, such as hyperreactivity (e.g., strong reactions to sound), hyporeactivity (e.g., no, or slower reactions to pain), and seeking (e.g., fascination with spinning objects), are a diagnostic criterion of autism and have been linked with anxiety. Understanding how individuals perceive these to be causally related can impact the assessment and treatment of anxiety. Therefore, we examined the perceived causal relations (PCR) between sensory reactivity differences and anxiety in autistic adults.Method: Two hundred forty-six autistic adults aged 18–76 years took part in an online study. They completed self-report assessments of sensory reactivity differences, and anxiety, followed by the PCR scale, indicating whether they perceived their sensory reactivity differences to be more of a cause or an effect of their anxiety symptoms.Results: We found sensory reactivity hyperreactivity, hyporeactivity, and seeking to be significantly correlated with anxiety. Further, we found total sensory hyperreactivity, and visual, auditory, and olfactory hyperreactivity, to be perceived as significantly more of a cause of anxiety than an effect, and total sensory seeking, and tactile and vestibular seeking, to be perceived as significantly more of an effect of anxiety than a cause.Conclusion: Future individualized approaches to treating anxiety in autistic individuals may benefit from differentiating between potential sensory causes of anxiety (e.g. hypersensitivities) vs. potential sensory effects of anxiety (e.g. sensory seeking behaviors).

KW - autism spectrum disorder

KW - Anxiety Disorders

KW - Sensory processing

KW - Sensory Perception

KW - perceived causal relationship

U2 - https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/2nhbv

DO - https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/2nhbv

M3 - Article

JO - Autism in Adulthood

JF - Autism in Adulthood

SN - 2573-9581

ER -