The fast and forceful kicking strike of the secretary bird. / Portugal, Steve; Campbell, Murn; Sparkes, Emily; Daley, Monica.

In: Current Biology, Vol. 26, No. 2, 25.01.2016, p. 58-59.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Published

Standard

The fast and forceful kicking strike of the secretary bird. / Portugal, Steve; Campbell, Murn; Sparkes, Emily; Daley, Monica.

In: Current Biology, Vol. 26, No. 2, 25.01.2016, p. 58-59.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Portugal, S, Campbell, M, Sparkes, E & Daley, M 2016, 'The fast and forceful kicking strike of the secretary bird', Current Biology, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 58-59. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2015.12.004

APA

Portugal, S., Campbell, M., Sparkes, E., & Daley, M. (2016). The fast and forceful kicking strike of the secretary bird. Current Biology, 26(2), 58-59. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2015.12.004

Vancouver

Portugal S, Campbell M, Sparkes E, Daley M. The fast and forceful kicking strike of the secretary bird. Current Biology. 2016 Jan 25;26(2):58-59. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2015.12.004

Author

Portugal, Steve ; Campbell, Murn ; Sparkes, Emily ; Daley, Monica. / The fast and forceful kicking strike of the secretary bird. In: Current Biology. 2016 ; Vol. 26, No. 2. pp. 58-59.

BibTeX

@article{5da3323ecc4448f69ef99edf6c60fede,
title = "The fast and forceful kicking strike of the secretary bird",
abstract = "The study of animal locomotion has uncovered principles that can be applied to bio-inspired robotics, prosthetics and rehabilitation medicine, while also providing insight into musculoskeletal form and function [1–4] . In particular, study of extreme behaviors can reveal mechanical constraints and trade-offs that have influenced evolution of limb form and function [1,2] . Secretary birds (Sagittarius serpentarius; Figure 1 A) are large terrestrial birds of prey endemic to sub-Saharan Africa, which feed on snakes, lizards and small mammals [5] . They frequently kick and stamp on the prey{\textquoteright}s head until it is killed or incapacitated, particularly when dispatching larger lizards and venomous snakes [5] . The consequences of a missed strike when hunting venomous snakes can be deadly [5] , so the kicking strikes of secretary birds require fast yet accurate neural control. Delivery of fast, forceful and accurate foot strikes that are sufficient to stun and kill prey requires precision targeting, demanding a high level of coordination between the visual and neuromuscular systems.",
author = "Steve Portugal and Murn Campbell and Emily Sparkes and Monica Daley",
year = "2016",
month = jan,
day = "25",
doi = "10.1016/j.cub.2015.12.004",
language = "English",
volume = "26",
pages = "58--59",
journal = "Current Biology ",
issn = "0960-9822",
publisher = "Cell Press",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The fast and forceful kicking strike of the secretary bird

AU - Portugal, Steve

AU - Campbell, Murn

AU - Sparkes, Emily

AU - Daley, Monica

PY - 2016/1/25

Y1 - 2016/1/25

N2 - The study of animal locomotion has uncovered principles that can be applied to bio-inspired robotics, prosthetics and rehabilitation medicine, while also providing insight into musculoskeletal form and function [1–4] . In particular, study of extreme behaviors can reveal mechanical constraints and trade-offs that have influenced evolution of limb form and function [1,2] . Secretary birds (Sagittarius serpentarius; Figure 1 A) are large terrestrial birds of prey endemic to sub-Saharan Africa, which feed on snakes, lizards and small mammals [5] . They frequently kick and stamp on the prey’s head until it is killed or incapacitated, particularly when dispatching larger lizards and venomous snakes [5] . The consequences of a missed strike when hunting venomous snakes can be deadly [5] , so the kicking strikes of secretary birds require fast yet accurate neural control. Delivery of fast, forceful and accurate foot strikes that are sufficient to stun and kill prey requires precision targeting, demanding a high level of coordination between the visual and neuromuscular systems.

AB - The study of animal locomotion has uncovered principles that can be applied to bio-inspired robotics, prosthetics and rehabilitation medicine, while also providing insight into musculoskeletal form and function [1–4] . In particular, study of extreme behaviors can reveal mechanical constraints and trade-offs that have influenced evolution of limb form and function [1,2] . Secretary birds (Sagittarius serpentarius; Figure 1 A) are large terrestrial birds of prey endemic to sub-Saharan Africa, which feed on snakes, lizards and small mammals [5] . They frequently kick and stamp on the prey’s head until it is killed or incapacitated, particularly when dispatching larger lizards and venomous snakes [5] . The consequences of a missed strike when hunting venomous snakes can be deadly [5] , so the kicking strikes of secretary birds require fast yet accurate neural control. Delivery of fast, forceful and accurate foot strikes that are sufficient to stun and kill prey requires precision targeting, demanding a high level of coordination between the visual and neuromuscular systems.

U2 - 10.1016/j.cub.2015.12.004

DO - 10.1016/j.cub.2015.12.004

M3 - Article

VL - 26

SP - 58

EP - 59

JO - Current Biology

JF - Current Biology

SN - 0960-9822

IS - 2

ER -