The effect of post-identification feedback, delay, and suspicion using accurate witnesses. / Quinlivan, Deah S.; Neuschatz, Jeffrey S.; Douglass, Amy B.; Wells, Gary L. ; Wetmore, Stacy.

In: Law and Human Behavior, 2011, p. 435-453.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Published
  • Deah S. Quinlivan
  • Jeffrey S. Neuschatz
  • Amy B. Douglass
  • Gary L. Wells
  • Stacy Wetmore

Abstract

We examined whether post-identification feedback and suspicion affect accurate eyewitnesses. Participants viewed a video event and then made a lineup decision from a target-present photo lineup. Regardless of accuracy, the experimenter either, informed participants that they made a correct lineup decision or gave no information regarding their lineup decision. Immediately following the lineup decision or after a 1-week delay, a second experimenter gave some of the participants who received confirming feedback reason to be suspicious of the confirming feedback. Following immediately after the confirming feedback, accurate witnesses did not demonstrate certainty inflation. However, after a delay accurate witnesses did demonstrate certainty inflation typically associated with confirming feedback. The suspicion manipulation only affected participants’ certainty when the confirming feedback created certainty inflation. The results lend support to the accessibility interpretation of the post-identification feedback effect and the erasure interpretation of the suspicion effect.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)435-453
JournalLaw and Human Behavior
Publication statusPublished - 2011

ID: 24794350