The Applicability of Ambient Sensors as Proximity Evidence for NFC Transactions. / Shepherd, Carlton; Gurulian, Iakovos; Frank, Eibe; Markantonakis, Konstantinos; Akram, Raja; Mayes, Keith; Panaousis, Emmanouil.

Mobile Security Technologies (MoST '17), IEEE Security & Privacy Workshops. IEEE, 2017. p. 179-188.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Published

Standard

The Applicability of Ambient Sensors as Proximity Evidence for NFC Transactions. / Shepherd, Carlton; Gurulian, Iakovos; Frank, Eibe; Markantonakis, Konstantinos; Akram, Raja; Mayes, Keith; Panaousis, Emmanouil.

Mobile Security Technologies (MoST '17), IEEE Security & Privacy Workshops. IEEE, 2017. p. 179-188.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Harvard

Shepherd, C, Gurulian, I, Frank, E, Markantonakis, K, Akram, R, Mayes, K & Panaousis, E 2017, The Applicability of Ambient Sensors as Proximity Evidence for NFC Transactions. in Mobile Security Technologies (MoST '17), IEEE Security & Privacy Workshops. IEEE, pp. 179-188, IEEE Mobile Security Technologies (MOST) 2017, San Jose, United States, 25/05/17. https://doi.org/10.1109/SPW.2017.29

APA

Shepherd, C., Gurulian, I., Frank, E., Markantonakis, K., Akram, R., Mayes, K., & Panaousis, E. (2017). The Applicability of Ambient Sensors as Proximity Evidence for NFC Transactions. In Mobile Security Technologies (MoST '17), IEEE Security & Privacy Workshops (pp. 179-188). IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/SPW.2017.29

Vancouver

Shepherd C, Gurulian I, Frank E, Markantonakis K, Akram R, Mayes K et al. The Applicability of Ambient Sensors as Proximity Evidence for NFC Transactions. In Mobile Security Technologies (MoST '17), IEEE Security & Privacy Workshops. IEEE. 2017. p. 179-188 https://doi.org/10.1109/SPW.2017.29

Author

Shepherd, Carlton ; Gurulian, Iakovos ; Frank, Eibe ; Markantonakis, Konstantinos ; Akram, Raja ; Mayes, Keith ; Panaousis, Emmanouil. / The Applicability of Ambient Sensors as Proximity Evidence for NFC Transactions. Mobile Security Technologies (MoST '17), IEEE Security & Privacy Workshops. IEEE, 2017. pp. 179-188

BibTeX

@inproceedings{474a2c60f030420e97aa35bded1c436b,
title = "The Applicability of Ambient Sensors as Proximity Evidence for NFC Transactions",
abstract = "Near Field Communication (NFC) has enabled mobile phones to emulate contactless smart cards. Similar to contactless smart cards, they are also susceptible to relay attacks. To counter these, a number of methods have been proposed that rely primarily on ambient sensors as a proximity detection mechanism (also known as an anti-relay mechanism). In this paper, we empirically evaluate a comprehensive set of ambient sensors for their effectiveness as a proximity detection mechanism for NFC contactless-based applications like banking, transport and high-security access controls. We selected 17 sensors available via the Google Android platform. Each sensor, where feasible, was used to record the measurements of 1,000 contactless transactions at four different physical locations. A total of 252 users, a random sample from the university student population, were involved during the field trials. After careful analysis, we conclude that no single evaluated mobile ambient sensor is suitable for proximity detection in NFC-based contactless applications in realistic deployment scenarios. Lastly, we identify a number of potential avenues that may improve their effectiveness.",
author = "Carlton Shepherd and Iakovos Gurulian and Eibe Frank and Konstantinos Markantonakis and Raja Akram and Keith Mayes and Emmanouil Panaousis",
year = "2017",
month = dec,
day = "21",
doi = "10.1109/SPW.2017.29",
language = "English",
pages = "179--188",
booktitle = "Mobile Security Technologies (MoST '17), IEEE Security & Privacy Workshops",
publisher = "IEEE",
note = "IEEE Mobile Security Technologies (MOST) 2017, MOST ; Conference date: 25-05-2017 Through 25-05-2017",
url = "http://www.ieee-security.org/TC/SPW2017/MoST/",

}

RIS

TY - GEN

T1 - The Applicability of Ambient Sensors as Proximity Evidence for NFC Transactions

AU - Shepherd, Carlton

AU - Gurulian, Iakovos

AU - Frank, Eibe

AU - Markantonakis, Konstantinos

AU - Akram, Raja

AU - Mayes, Keith

AU - Panaousis, Emmanouil

PY - 2017/12/21

Y1 - 2017/12/21

N2 - Near Field Communication (NFC) has enabled mobile phones to emulate contactless smart cards. Similar to contactless smart cards, they are also susceptible to relay attacks. To counter these, a number of methods have been proposed that rely primarily on ambient sensors as a proximity detection mechanism (also known as an anti-relay mechanism). In this paper, we empirically evaluate a comprehensive set of ambient sensors for their effectiveness as a proximity detection mechanism for NFC contactless-based applications like banking, transport and high-security access controls. We selected 17 sensors available via the Google Android platform. Each sensor, where feasible, was used to record the measurements of 1,000 contactless transactions at four different physical locations. A total of 252 users, a random sample from the university student population, were involved during the field trials. After careful analysis, we conclude that no single evaluated mobile ambient sensor is suitable for proximity detection in NFC-based contactless applications in realistic deployment scenarios. Lastly, we identify a number of potential avenues that may improve their effectiveness.

AB - Near Field Communication (NFC) has enabled mobile phones to emulate contactless smart cards. Similar to contactless smart cards, they are also susceptible to relay attacks. To counter these, a number of methods have been proposed that rely primarily on ambient sensors as a proximity detection mechanism (also known as an anti-relay mechanism). In this paper, we empirically evaluate a comprehensive set of ambient sensors for their effectiveness as a proximity detection mechanism for NFC contactless-based applications like banking, transport and high-security access controls. We selected 17 sensors available via the Google Android platform. Each sensor, where feasible, was used to record the measurements of 1,000 contactless transactions at four different physical locations. A total of 252 users, a random sample from the university student population, were involved during the field trials. After careful analysis, we conclude that no single evaluated mobile ambient sensor is suitable for proximity detection in NFC-based contactless applications in realistic deployment scenarios. Lastly, we identify a number of potential avenues that may improve their effectiveness.

U2 - 10.1109/SPW.2017.29

DO - 10.1109/SPW.2017.29

M3 - Conference contribution

SP - 179

EP - 188

BT - Mobile Security Technologies (MoST '17), IEEE Security & Privacy Workshops

PB - IEEE

T2 - IEEE Mobile Security Technologies (MOST) 2017

Y2 - 25 May 2017 through 25 May 2017

ER -