Taphonomy of an excavated striped hyena (Hyaena hyaena) den in Arabia : implications for paleoecology and prehistory. / Stewart, Mathew; Andrieux, Eric; Clark-Wilson, Richard; Vanwezer, Nils; Blinkhorn, James; Armitage, Simon; Al-Omari, Abdulaziz; Zahrani, Badr; Alqahtani, Mesfer; Al-Shanti, Mahmoud; Zalmout, Iyad ; Al-Mufarreh, Yahya S.A.; Alsharekh, Abdullah; Boivin, Nicole; Petraglia, Michael ; Groucutt, Huw.

In: Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, Vol. 13, 139, 20.07.2021.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Taphonomy of an excavated striped hyena (Hyaena hyaena) den in Arabia : implications for paleoecology and prehistory. / Stewart, Mathew; Andrieux, Eric; Clark-Wilson, Richard; Vanwezer, Nils; Blinkhorn, James; Armitage, Simon; Al-Omari, Abdulaziz; Zahrani, Badr; Alqahtani, Mesfer; Al-Shanti, Mahmoud; Zalmout, Iyad ; Al-Mufarreh, Yahya S.A.; Alsharekh, Abdullah; Boivin, Nicole; Petraglia, Michael ; Groucutt, Huw.

In: Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, Vol. 13, 139, 20.07.2021.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Stewart, M, Andrieux, E, Clark-Wilson, R, Vanwezer, N, Blinkhorn, J, Armitage, S, Al-Omari, A, Zahrani, B, Alqahtani, M, Al-Shanti, M, Zalmout, I, Al-Mufarreh, YSA, Alsharekh, A, Boivin, N, Petraglia, M & Groucutt, H 2021, 'Taphonomy of an excavated striped hyena (Hyaena hyaena) den in Arabia: implications for paleoecology and prehistory', Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, vol. 13, 139. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12520-021-01365-6

APA

Stewart, M., Andrieux, E., Clark-Wilson, R., Vanwezer, N., Blinkhorn, J., Armitage, S., Al-Omari, A., Zahrani, B., Alqahtani, M., Al-Shanti, M., Zalmout, I., Al-Mufarreh, Y. S. A., Alsharekh, A., Boivin, N., Petraglia, M., & Groucutt, H. (2021). Taphonomy of an excavated striped hyena (Hyaena hyaena) den in Arabia: implications for paleoecology and prehistory. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, 13, [139]. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12520-021-01365-6

Vancouver

Author

Stewart, Mathew ; Andrieux, Eric ; Clark-Wilson, Richard ; Vanwezer, Nils ; Blinkhorn, James ; Armitage, Simon ; Al-Omari, Abdulaziz ; Zahrani, Badr ; Alqahtani, Mesfer ; Al-Shanti, Mahmoud ; Zalmout, Iyad ; Al-Mufarreh, Yahya S.A. ; Alsharekh, Abdullah ; Boivin, Nicole ; Petraglia, Michael ; Groucutt, Huw. / Taphonomy of an excavated striped hyena (Hyaena hyaena) den in Arabia : implications for paleoecology and prehistory. In: Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences. 2021 ; Vol. 13.

BibTeX

@article{118133c186c14dfdae68e0720a19bd06,
title = "Taphonomy of an excavated striped hyena (Hyaena hyaena) den in Arabia: implications for paleoecology and prehistory",
abstract = "Studies of modern carnivore accumulations of bone (i.e., neo-taphonomy) are crucial for interpretating fossil accumulations in the archaeological and paleontological records. Yet, studies in arid regions have been limited in both number and detailed taphonomic data, prohibiting our understanding of carnivore bone accumulating and modifying behavior in dry regions. Here, we present a taphonomic analysis of an impressive carnivore-accumulated bone assemblage from the Umm Jirsan lava tube in the Harrat Khaybar region, Saudi Arabia. The size and composition of the bone accumulation, as well as the presence of hyena skeletal remains and coprolites, suggest that the assemblage was primarily accumulated by striped hyena (Hyaena hyaena). Our findings (1) identify potentially useful criteria for distinguishing between accumulations generated by different species of hyenas; (2) emphasize the need for neo-taphonomic studies for capturing the full variation in carnivore bone accumulating and modifying behavior; (3) suggest that under the right settings, striped hyena accumulations can serve as good proxies for (paleo)ecology and livestock practices; and (4) highlight the potential for future research at Umm Jirsan, as well as at the numerous nearby lava tube systems. We encourage continued neo-taphonomic efforts in regions important in human prehistory, particularly in arid zones, which have received little research attention.",
keywords = "Carnivore; bone accumulation; livestock; lava tube; Arabian Peninsula; Holocene",
author = "Mathew Stewart and Eric Andrieux and Richard Clark-Wilson and Nils Vanwezer and James Blinkhorn and Simon Armitage and Abdulaziz Al-Omari and Badr Zahrani and Mesfer Alqahtani and Mahmoud Al-Shanti and Iyad Zalmout and Al-Mufarreh, {Yahya S.A.} and Abdullah Alsharekh and Nicole Boivin and Michael Petraglia and Huw Groucutt",
year = "2021",
month = jul,
day = "20",
doi = "10.1007/s12520-021-01365-6",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
journal = "Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences",
issn = "1866-9557",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Taphonomy of an excavated striped hyena (Hyaena hyaena) den in Arabia

T2 - implications for paleoecology and prehistory

AU - Stewart, Mathew

AU - Andrieux, Eric

AU - Clark-Wilson, Richard

AU - Vanwezer, Nils

AU - Blinkhorn, James

AU - Armitage, Simon

AU - Al-Omari, Abdulaziz

AU - Zahrani, Badr

AU - Alqahtani, Mesfer

AU - Al-Shanti, Mahmoud

AU - Zalmout, Iyad

AU - Al-Mufarreh, Yahya S.A.

AU - Alsharekh, Abdullah

AU - Boivin, Nicole

AU - Petraglia, Michael

AU - Groucutt, Huw

PY - 2021/7/20

Y1 - 2021/7/20

N2 - Studies of modern carnivore accumulations of bone (i.e., neo-taphonomy) are crucial for interpretating fossil accumulations in the archaeological and paleontological records. Yet, studies in arid regions have been limited in both number and detailed taphonomic data, prohibiting our understanding of carnivore bone accumulating and modifying behavior in dry regions. Here, we present a taphonomic analysis of an impressive carnivore-accumulated bone assemblage from the Umm Jirsan lava tube in the Harrat Khaybar region, Saudi Arabia. The size and composition of the bone accumulation, as well as the presence of hyena skeletal remains and coprolites, suggest that the assemblage was primarily accumulated by striped hyena (Hyaena hyaena). Our findings (1) identify potentially useful criteria for distinguishing between accumulations generated by different species of hyenas; (2) emphasize the need for neo-taphonomic studies for capturing the full variation in carnivore bone accumulating and modifying behavior; (3) suggest that under the right settings, striped hyena accumulations can serve as good proxies for (paleo)ecology and livestock practices; and (4) highlight the potential for future research at Umm Jirsan, as well as at the numerous nearby lava tube systems. We encourage continued neo-taphonomic efforts in regions important in human prehistory, particularly in arid zones, which have received little research attention.

AB - Studies of modern carnivore accumulations of bone (i.e., neo-taphonomy) are crucial for interpretating fossil accumulations in the archaeological and paleontological records. Yet, studies in arid regions have been limited in both number and detailed taphonomic data, prohibiting our understanding of carnivore bone accumulating and modifying behavior in dry regions. Here, we present a taphonomic analysis of an impressive carnivore-accumulated bone assemblage from the Umm Jirsan lava tube in the Harrat Khaybar region, Saudi Arabia. The size and composition of the bone accumulation, as well as the presence of hyena skeletal remains and coprolites, suggest that the assemblage was primarily accumulated by striped hyena (Hyaena hyaena). Our findings (1) identify potentially useful criteria for distinguishing between accumulations generated by different species of hyenas; (2) emphasize the need for neo-taphonomic studies for capturing the full variation in carnivore bone accumulating and modifying behavior; (3) suggest that under the right settings, striped hyena accumulations can serve as good proxies for (paleo)ecology and livestock practices; and (4) highlight the potential for future research at Umm Jirsan, as well as at the numerous nearby lava tube systems. We encourage continued neo-taphonomic efforts in regions important in human prehistory, particularly in arid zones, which have received little research attention.

KW - Carnivore; bone accumulation; livestock; lava tube; Arabian Peninsula; Holocene

U2 - 10.1007/s12520-021-01365-6

DO - 10.1007/s12520-021-01365-6

M3 - Article

VL - 13

JO - Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences

JF - Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences

SN - 1866-9557

M1 - 139

ER -