Synthesis of a Vocal Sound from the 3,000 year old Mummy, Nesyamun ‘True of Voice’. / Howard, David; Schofield, John; Fletcher, Jo; Baxter, Katherine; Iball, Gareth; Buckley, Stephen.

In: Scientific Reports, Vol. 10, 45000 (2020), 23.01.2020, p. 1-6.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • David Howard
  • John Schofield
  • Jo Fletcher
  • Katherine Baxter
  • Gareth Iball
  • Stephen Buckley


The sound of a 3,000 year old mummified individual has been accurately reproduced as a vowel-like sound based on measurements of the precise dimensions of his extant vocal tract following Computed Tomography (CT) scanning, enabling the creation of a 3-D printed vocal tract. By using the Vocal Tract Organ, which provides a user-controllable artificial larynx sound source, a vowel sound is synthesised which compares favourably with vowels of modern individuals.
Original languageEnglish
Article number45000 (2020)
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalScientific Reports
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jan 2020
This open access research output is licenced under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.

ID: 35187175