Sexual Orientation and Earnings : New Evidence from the United Kingdom. / Aksoy, Cevat; Carpenter, Christopher S; Frank, Jefferson.

In: Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Vol. 71, No. 1, ILRR-15-0076, 01.01.2018, p. 242-272.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Published

Standard

Sexual Orientation and Earnings : New Evidence from the United Kingdom. / Aksoy, Cevat; Carpenter, Christopher S; Frank, Jefferson.

In: Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Vol. 71, No. 1, ILRR-15-0076, 01.01.2018, p. 242-272.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Aksoy, C, Carpenter, CS & Frank, J 2018, 'Sexual Orientation and Earnings: New Evidence from the United Kingdom', Industrial and Labor Relations Review, vol. 71, no. 1, ILRR-15-0076, pp. 242-272. https://doi.org/10.1177/0019793916687759

APA

Aksoy, C., Carpenter, C. S., & Frank, J. (2018). Sexual Orientation and Earnings: New Evidence from the United Kingdom. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 71(1), 242-272. [ILRR-15-0076]. https://doi.org/10.1177/0019793916687759

Vancouver

Aksoy C, Carpenter CS, Frank J. Sexual Orientation and Earnings: New Evidence from the United Kingdom. Industrial and Labor Relations Review. 2018 Jan 1;71(1):242-272. ILRR-15-0076. https://doi.org/10.1177/0019793916687759

Author

Aksoy, Cevat ; Carpenter, Christopher S ; Frank, Jefferson. / Sexual Orientation and Earnings : New Evidence from the United Kingdom. In: Industrial and Labor Relations Review. 2018 ; Vol. 71, No. 1. pp. 242-272.

BibTeX

@article{dc2deda6ee9a4d6e95fe76f4f205d7fa,
title = "Sexual Orientation and Earnings: New Evidence from the United Kingdom",
abstract = "Most prior work on sexual orientation and labor market earnings has relied either on individual level surveys with small samples of sexual minorities or has used large samples of same-sex couples. We use a large individual level dataset from the United Kingdom that allows us to measure both constructs. We replicate the well-documented lesbian advantage and gay male penalty in couples-based comparisons but show that these effects are absent in similarly specified models of non-partnered workers. This suggests both that couples-based samples overstate the true earnings differences attributable to a minority sexual orientation and that household specialization plays an important role in the lesbian earnings advantage. We also show that there is no significant lesbian advantage or gay male penalty in London. Finally, we find robust evidence that bisexual men earn significantly less than otherwise similar heterosexual men. We discuss how the effects reconcile with theories of specialization and discrimination.",
author = "Cevat Aksoy and Carpenter, {Christopher S} and Jefferson Frank",
year = "2018",
month = jan,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0019793916687759",
language = "English",
volume = "71",
pages = "242--272",
journal = "Industrial and Labor Relations Review",
issn = "0019-7939",
publisher = "Cornell University",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sexual Orientation and Earnings

T2 - New Evidence from the United Kingdom

AU - Aksoy, Cevat

AU - Carpenter, Christopher S

AU - Frank, Jefferson

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Most prior work on sexual orientation and labor market earnings has relied either on individual level surveys with small samples of sexual minorities or has used large samples of same-sex couples. We use a large individual level dataset from the United Kingdom that allows us to measure both constructs. We replicate the well-documented lesbian advantage and gay male penalty in couples-based comparisons but show that these effects are absent in similarly specified models of non-partnered workers. This suggests both that couples-based samples overstate the true earnings differences attributable to a minority sexual orientation and that household specialization plays an important role in the lesbian earnings advantage. We also show that there is no significant lesbian advantage or gay male penalty in London. Finally, we find robust evidence that bisexual men earn significantly less than otherwise similar heterosexual men. We discuss how the effects reconcile with theories of specialization and discrimination.

AB - Most prior work on sexual orientation and labor market earnings has relied either on individual level surveys with small samples of sexual minorities or has used large samples of same-sex couples. We use a large individual level dataset from the United Kingdom that allows us to measure both constructs. We replicate the well-documented lesbian advantage and gay male penalty in couples-based comparisons but show that these effects are absent in similarly specified models of non-partnered workers. This suggests both that couples-based samples overstate the true earnings differences attributable to a minority sexual orientation and that household specialization plays an important role in the lesbian earnings advantage. We also show that there is no significant lesbian advantage or gay male penalty in London. Finally, we find robust evidence that bisexual men earn significantly less than otherwise similar heterosexual men. We discuss how the effects reconcile with theories of specialization and discrimination.

U2 - 10.1177/0019793916687759

DO - 10.1177/0019793916687759

M3 - Article

VL - 71

SP - 242

EP - 272

JO - Industrial and Labor Relations Review

JF - Industrial and Labor Relations Review

SN - 0019-7939

IS - 1

M1 - ILRR-15-0076

ER -