Retrieving Autobiographical Memories Influences Judgments About Others: The Role of Metacognitive Experiences. / Woltin, Karl-Andrew; Corneille, Olivier; Yzerbyt, Vincent.

In: Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Vol. 40, No. 4, 04.2014, p. 526-539.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Retrieving Autobiographical Memories Influences Judgments About Others: The Role of Metacognitive Experiences. / Woltin, Karl-Andrew; Corneille, Olivier; Yzerbyt, Vincent.

In: Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Vol. 40, No. 4, 04.2014, p. 526-539.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Woltin, K-A, Corneille, O & Yzerbyt, V 2014, 'Retrieving Autobiographical Memories Influences Judgments About Others: The Role of Metacognitive Experiences', Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 526-539. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167213519479

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Vancouver

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Woltin, Karl-Andrew ; Corneille, Olivier ; Yzerbyt, Vincent. / Retrieving Autobiographical Memories Influences Judgments About Others: The Role of Metacognitive Experiences. In: Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 2014 ; Vol. 40, No. 4. pp. 526-539.

BibTeX

@article{e9708be31b734f3f965ad13751a18748,
title = "Retrieving Autobiographical Memories Influences Judgments About Others: The Role of Metacognitive Experiences",
abstract = "This research investigates whether metacognitive experiences accompanying the retrieval of autobiographical memories influence judgments about others. Based on social projection research, we tested the hypothesis that ease-of-retrieval,affecting how the self is perceived, affects first impressions. In line with this prediction, Experiment 1 showed that participants asked to recall a few personal instances of assertive behavior (easy retrieval) judged an unknown person to be more assertive than participants recalling many instances (difficult retrieval). Experiment 2, targeting creativity, provided evidence for the retrieval-ease mechanism: The effect disappeared when ease-of-retrieval was discredited as informational source in a misattribution paradigm. Finally, Experiments 3 and 4 replicated this pattern for the same personality traits and demonstrated two boundary conditions: Participants{\textquoteright} ease of autobiographical recalls affected judgments of in- but not outgroup members (Experiment 3), and judgments of unknown others were affected after autobiographical recall but not after recalling behaviors of someone else (Experiment 4).",
keywords = "ease-of-retrieval, availability heuristic, self- and other-judgment, social projection",
author = "Karl-Andrew Woltin and Olivier Corneille and Vincent Yzerbyt",
year = "2014",
month = apr,
doi = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0146167213519479",
language = "English",
volume = "40",
pages = "526--539",
journal = "Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin",
issn = "0146-1672",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Retrieving Autobiographical Memories Influences Judgments About Others: The Role of Metacognitive Experiences

AU - Woltin, Karl-Andrew

AU - Corneille, Olivier

AU - Yzerbyt, Vincent

PY - 2014/4

Y1 - 2014/4

N2 - This research investigates whether metacognitive experiences accompanying the retrieval of autobiographical memories influence judgments about others. Based on social projection research, we tested the hypothesis that ease-of-retrieval,affecting how the self is perceived, affects first impressions. In line with this prediction, Experiment 1 showed that participants asked to recall a few personal instances of assertive behavior (easy retrieval) judged an unknown person to be more assertive than participants recalling many instances (difficult retrieval). Experiment 2, targeting creativity, provided evidence for the retrieval-ease mechanism: The effect disappeared when ease-of-retrieval was discredited as informational source in a misattribution paradigm. Finally, Experiments 3 and 4 replicated this pattern for the same personality traits and demonstrated two boundary conditions: Participants’ ease of autobiographical recalls affected judgments of in- but not outgroup members (Experiment 3), and judgments of unknown others were affected after autobiographical recall but not after recalling behaviors of someone else (Experiment 4).

AB - This research investigates whether metacognitive experiences accompanying the retrieval of autobiographical memories influence judgments about others. Based on social projection research, we tested the hypothesis that ease-of-retrieval,affecting how the self is perceived, affects first impressions. In line with this prediction, Experiment 1 showed that participants asked to recall a few personal instances of assertive behavior (easy retrieval) judged an unknown person to be more assertive than participants recalling many instances (difficult retrieval). Experiment 2, targeting creativity, provided evidence for the retrieval-ease mechanism: The effect disappeared when ease-of-retrieval was discredited as informational source in a misattribution paradigm. Finally, Experiments 3 and 4 replicated this pattern for the same personality traits and demonstrated two boundary conditions: Participants’ ease of autobiographical recalls affected judgments of in- but not outgroup members (Experiment 3), and judgments of unknown others were affected after autobiographical recall but not after recalling behaviors of someone else (Experiment 4).

KW - ease-of-retrieval

KW - availability heuristic

KW - self- and other-judgment

KW - social projection

U2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0146167213519479

DO - http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0146167213519479

M3 - Article

VL - 40

SP - 526

EP - 539

JO - Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin

JF - Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin

SN - 0146-1672

IS - 4

ER -