Processes on the young Earth and the habitats of early life. / Arndt, Nicholas T.; Nisbet, Euan.

In: Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Vol. 40, 05.2012, p. 521-549.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Processes on the young Earth and the habitats of early life. / Arndt, Nicholas T.; Nisbet, Euan.

In: Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Vol. 40, 05.2012, p. 521-549.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Arndt, NT & Nisbet, E 2012, 'Processes on the young Earth and the habitats of early life', Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, vol. 40, pp. 521-549. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-earth-042711-105316

APA

Arndt, N. T., & Nisbet, E. (2012). Processes on the young Earth and the habitats of early life. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 40, 521-549. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-earth-042711-105316

Vancouver

Arndt NT, Nisbet E. Processes on the young Earth and the habitats of early life. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences. 2012 May;40:521-549. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-earth-042711-105316

Author

Arndt, Nicholas T. ; Nisbet, Euan. / Processes on the young Earth and the habitats of early life. In: Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences. 2012 ; Vol. 40. pp. 521-549.

BibTeX

@article{2d6b69d8b4f148609fd4337498bc70a7,
title = "Processes on the young Earth and the habitats of early life",
abstract = "Conditions at the surface of the young (Hadean and early Archean) Earth were suitable for the emergence and evolution of life. After an initial hot period, surface temperatures in the late Hadean may have been clement beneath an atmosphere containing greenhouse gases over an ocean-dominated planetary surface. The first crust was mafic and it internally melted repeatedly to produce the felsic rocks that crystallized the Jack Hills zircons. This crust was destabilized during late heavy bombardment. Plate tectonics probably started soon after and had produced voluminous continental crust by the mid Archean, but ocean volumes were sufficient to submerge much of this crust. In the Hadean and early Archean, hydrothermal systems around abundant komatiitic volcanism may have provided suitable sites to host the earliest living communities and for the evolution of key enzymes. Evidence from the Isua Belt, Greenland, suggests life was present by 3.8 Gya, and by the mid-Archean, the geological record both in the Pilbara in Western Australia and the Barberton Greenstone Belt in South Africa shows that microbial life was abundant, probably using anoxygenic photosynthesis. By the late Archean, oxygenic photosynthesis had evolved, transforming the atmosphere and permitting the evolution of eukaryotes.",
author = "Arndt, {Nicholas T.} and Euan Nisbet",
year = "2012",
month = may,
doi = "10.1146/annurev-earth-042711-105316",
language = "English",
volume = "40",
pages = "521--549",
journal = "Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences",
issn = "0084-6597",
publisher = "Annual Reviews Inc.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Processes on the young Earth and the habitats of early life

AU - Arndt, Nicholas T.

AU - Nisbet, Euan

PY - 2012/5

Y1 - 2012/5

N2 - Conditions at the surface of the young (Hadean and early Archean) Earth were suitable for the emergence and evolution of life. After an initial hot period, surface temperatures in the late Hadean may have been clement beneath an atmosphere containing greenhouse gases over an ocean-dominated planetary surface. The first crust was mafic and it internally melted repeatedly to produce the felsic rocks that crystallized the Jack Hills zircons. This crust was destabilized during late heavy bombardment. Plate tectonics probably started soon after and had produced voluminous continental crust by the mid Archean, but ocean volumes were sufficient to submerge much of this crust. In the Hadean and early Archean, hydrothermal systems around abundant komatiitic volcanism may have provided suitable sites to host the earliest living communities and for the evolution of key enzymes. Evidence from the Isua Belt, Greenland, suggests life was present by 3.8 Gya, and by the mid-Archean, the geological record both in the Pilbara in Western Australia and the Barberton Greenstone Belt in South Africa shows that microbial life was abundant, probably using anoxygenic photosynthesis. By the late Archean, oxygenic photosynthesis had evolved, transforming the atmosphere and permitting the evolution of eukaryotes.

AB - Conditions at the surface of the young (Hadean and early Archean) Earth were suitable for the emergence and evolution of life. After an initial hot period, surface temperatures in the late Hadean may have been clement beneath an atmosphere containing greenhouse gases over an ocean-dominated planetary surface. The first crust was mafic and it internally melted repeatedly to produce the felsic rocks that crystallized the Jack Hills zircons. This crust was destabilized during late heavy bombardment. Plate tectonics probably started soon after and had produced voluminous continental crust by the mid Archean, but ocean volumes were sufficient to submerge much of this crust. In the Hadean and early Archean, hydrothermal systems around abundant komatiitic volcanism may have provided suitable sites to host the earliest living communities and for the evolution of key enzymes. Evidence from the Isua Belt, Greenland, suggests life was present by 3.8 Gya, and by the mid-Archean, the geological record both in the Pilbara in Western Australia and the Barberton Greenstone Belt in South Africa shows that microbial life was abundant, probably using anoxygenic photosynthesis. By the late Archean, oxygenic photosynthesis had evolved, transforming the atmosphere and permitting the evolution of eukaryotes.

U2 - 10.1146/annurev-earth-042711-105316

DO - 10.1146/annurev-earth-042711-105316

M3 - Article

VL - 40

SP - 521

EP - 549

JO - Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences

JF - Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences

SN - 0084-6597

ER -