Postcategorical auditory distraction in short-term memory : Insights from increased task load and task type. / Marsh, J.E.; Yang, Jingqi; Qualter, Pamela; Cassandra, Richardson,; Perham, Nick; Vachon, Francois; *Hughes, R.W.

In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, Vol. 44, No. 6, 06.2018, p. 882-897.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Postcategorical auditory distraction in short-term memory : Insights from increased task load and task type. / Marsh, J.E.; Yang, Jingqi; Qualter, Pamela; Cassandra, Richardson,; Perham, Nick; Vachon, Francois; *Hughes, R.W.

In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, Vol. 44, No. 6, 06.2018, p. 882-897.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Marsh, JE, Yang, J, Qualter, P, Cassandra, R, Perham, N, Vachon, F & *Hughes, RW 2018, 'Postcategorical auditory distraction in short-term memory: Insights from increased task load and task type', Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 882-897. https://doi.org/10.1037/xlm0000492

APA

Marsh, J. E., Yang, J., Qualter, P., Cassandra, R., Perham, N., Vachon, F., & *Hughes, R. W. (2018). Postcategorical auditory distraction in short-term memory: Insights from increased task load and task type. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 44(6), 882-897. https://doi.org/10.1037/xlm0000492

Vancouver

Marsh JE, Yang J, Qualter P, Cassandra R, Perham N, Vachon F et al. Postcategorical auditory distraction in short-term memory: Insights from increased task load and task type. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 2018 Jun;44(6):882-897. https://doi.org/10.1037/xlm0000492

Author

Marsh, J.E. ; Yang, Jingqi ; Qualter, Pamela ; Cassandra, Richardson, ; Perham, Nick ; Vachon, Francois ; *Hughes, R.W. / Postcategorical auditory distraction in short-term memory : Insights from increased task load and task type. In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 2018 ; Vol. 44, No. 6. pp. 882-897.

BibTeX

@article{e6c55683650d4932a6606696f78af9a5,
title = "Postcategorical auditory distraction in short-term memory: Insights from increased task load and task type",
abstract = "Task-irrelevant speech impairs short-term serial recall appreciably. On the interference-by-process account, the processing of physical (i.e., precategorical) changes in speech yields order cues that conflict with the serial-ordering process deployed to perform the serial recall task. In this view, the postcategorical properties (e.g., phonology, meaning) of speech play no role. The present study reassessed the implications of recent demonstrations of auditory postcategorical distraction in serial recall that have been taken as support for an alternative, attentional-diversion, account of the irrelevant speech effect. Focusing on the disruptive effect of emotionally valent compared with neutral words on serial recall, we show that the distracter-valence effect is eliminated under conditions—high task-encoding load—thought to shield against attentional diversion whereas the general effect of speech (neutral words compared with quiet) remains unaffected (Experiment 1). Furthermore, the distracter-valence effect generalizes to a task that does not require the processing of serial order—the missing-item task—whereas the effect of speech per se is attenuated in this task (Experiment 2). We conclude that postcategorical auditory distraction phenomena in serial short-term memory (STM) are incidental: they are observable in such a setting but, unlike the acoustically driven irrelevant speech effect, are not integral to it. As such, the findings support a duplex-mechanism account over a unitary view of auditory distraction.",
author = "J.E. Marsh and Jingqi Yang and Pamela Qualter and Richardson, Cassandra and Nick Perham and Francois Vachon and R.W. *Hughes",
note = "*Joint 1st author",
year = "2018",
month = jun,
doi = "10.1037/xlm0000492",
language = "English",
volume = "44",
pages = "882--897",
journal = "Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition",
issn = "0278-7393",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Postcategorical auditory distraction in short-term memory

T2 - Insights from increased task load and task type

AU - Marsh, J.E.

AU - Yang, Jingqi

AU - Qualter, Pamela

AU - Cassandra, Richardson,

AU - Perham, Nick

AU - Vachon, Francois

AU - Hughes, R.W.

N1 - *Joint 1st author

PY - 2018/6

Y1 - 2018/6

N2 - Task-irrelevant speech impairs short-term serial recall appreciably. On the interference-by-process account, the processing of physical (i.e., precategorical) changes in speech yields order cues that conflict with the serial-ordering process deployed to perform the serial recall task. In this view, the postcategorical properties (e.g., phonology, meaning) of speech play no role. The present study reassessed the implications of recent demonstrations of auditory postcategorical distraction in serial recall that have been taken as support for an alternative, attentional-diversion, account of the irrelevant speech effect. Focusing on the disruptive effect of emotionally valent compared with neutral words on serial recall, we show that the distracter-valence effect is eliminated under conditions—high task-encoding load—thought to shield against attentional diversion whereas the general effect of speech (neutral words compared with quiet) remains unaffected (Experiment 1). Furthermore, the distracter-valence effect generalizes to a task that does not require the processing of serial order—the missing-item task—whereas the effect of speech per se is attenuated in this task (Experiment 2). We conclude that postcategorical auditory distraction phenomena in serial short-term memory (STM) are incidental: they are observable in such a setting but, unlike the acoustically driven irrelevant speech effect, are not integral to it. As such, the findings support a duplex-mechanism account over a unitary view of auditory distraction.

AB - Task-irrelevant speech impairs short-term serial recall appreciably. On the interference-by-process account, the processing of physical (i.e., precategorical) changes in speech yields order cues that conflict with the serial-ordering process deployed to perform the serial recall task. In this view, the postcategorical properties (e.g., phonology, meaning) of speech play no role. The present study reassessed the implications of recent demonstrations of auditory postcategorical distraction in serial recall that have been taken as support for an alternative, attentional-diversion, account of the irrelevant speech effect. Focusing on the disruptive effect of emotionally valent compared with neutral words on serial recall, we show that the distracter-valence effect is eliminated under conditions—high task-encoding load—thought to shield against attentional diversion whereas the general effect of speech (neutral words compared with quiet) remains unaffected (Experiment 1). Furthermore, the distracter-valence effect generalizes to a task that does not require the processing of serial order—the missing-item task—whereas the effect of speech per se is attenuated in this task (Experiment 2). We conclude that postcategorical auditory distraction phenomena in serial short-term memory (STM) are incidental: they are observable in such a setting but, unlike the acoustically driven irrelevant speech effect, are not integral to it. As such, the findings support a duplex-mechanism account over a unitary view of auditory distraction.

U2 - 10.1037/xlm0000492

DO - 10.1037/xlm0000492

M3 - Article

VL - 44

SP - 882

EP - 897

JO - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition

JF - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition

SN - 0278-7393

IS - 6

ER -