Pesticide reduces bumblebee colony initiation and increases probability of population extinction. / Baron, Gemma L.; Jansen, Vincent A.A.; Brown, Mark J.F.; Raine, Nigel.

In: Nature Ecology & Evolution, Vol. 1, 14.08.2017, p. 1308–1316.

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Pesticide reduces bumblebee colony initiation and increases probability of population extinction. / Baron, Gemma L.; Jansen, Vincent A.A.; Brown, Mark J.F.; Raine, Nigel.

In: Nature Ecology & Evolution, Vol. 1, 14.08.2017, p. 1308–1316.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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@article{9be7715e3a5e4fe9bc991aa6366eec1a,
title = "Pesticide reduces bumblebee colony initiation and increases probability of population extinction",
abstract = "Pollinators are in global decline, and agricultural pesticides are a potential driver of this. Recent studies have suggested that pesticides may significantly impact bumblebee colonies, an important and declining group of pollinators. Here we show that colony founding queens, a critical yet vulnerable stage of the bumblebee lifecycle, are less likely to initiate a colony after exposure to thiamethoxam, a neonicotinoid insecticide. Bombus terrestris queens were exposed to field-relevant levels of thiamethoxam, and two natural stressors, the parasite Crithidia bombi, and varying hibernation durations. Exposure to thiamethoxam produced a 26{\%} reduction in the proportion of queens that laid eggs, and advanced the timing of colony initiation, although we did not detect impacts of any experimental treatment on the ability of queens to produce adult offspring during the 14-week experimental period. As expected from previous studies, hibernation duration also had an impact on egg laying, but there was no significant interaction with insecticide treatment. Modelling the impacts of a 26{\%} reduction in colony founding on population dynamics dramatically increased the likelihood of population extinction. This shows that neonicotinoids can affect this critical stage in the bumblebee lifecycle, and may have significant impacts on population dynamics.",
author = "Baron, {Gemma L.} and Jansen, {Vincent A.A.} and Brown, {Mark J.F.} and Nigel Raine",
year = "2017",
month = "8",
day = "14",
doi = "10.1038/s41559-017-0260-1",
language = "English",
volume = "1",
pages = "1308–1316",
journal = "Nature Ecology & Evolution",
issn = "2397-334X",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Pesticide reduces bumblebee colony initiation and increases probability of population extinction

AU - Baron, Gemma L.

AU - Jansen, Vincent A.A.

AU - Brown, Mark J.F.

AU - Raine, Nigel

PY - 2017/8/14

Y1 - 2017/8/14

N2 - Pollinators are in global decline, and agricultural pesticides are a potential driver of this. Recent studies have suggested that pesticides may significantly impact bumblebee colonies, an important and declining group of pollinators. Here we show that colony founding queens, a critical yet vulnerable stage of the bumblebee lifecycle, are less likely to initiate a colony after exposure to thiamethoxam, a neonicotinoid insecticide. Bombus terrestris queens were exposed to field-relevant levels of thiamethoxam, and two natural stressors, the parasite Crithidia bombi, and varying hibernation durations. Exposure to thiamethoxam produced a 26% reduction in the proportion of queens that laid eggs, and advanced the timing of colony initiation, although we did not detect impacts of any experimental treatment on the ability of queens to produce adult offspring during the 14-week experimental period. As expected from previous studies, hibernation duration also had an impact on egg laying, but there was no significant interaction with insecticide treatment. Modelling the impacts of a 26% reduction in colony founding on population dynamics dramatically increased the likelihood of population extinction. This shows that neonicotinoids can affect this critical stage in the bumblebee lifecycle, and may have significant impacts on population dynamics.

AB - Pollinators are in global decline, and agricultural pesticides are a potential driver of this. Recent studies have suggested that pesticides may significantly impact bumblebee colonies, an important and declining group of pollinators. Here we show that colony founding queens, a critical yet vulnerable stage of the bumblebee lifecycle, are less likely to initiate a colony after exposure to thiamethoxam, a neonicotinoid insecticide. Bombus terrestris queens were exposed to field-relevant levels of thiamethoxam, and two natural stressors, the parasite Crithidia bombi, and varying hibernation durations. Exposure to thiamethoxam produced a 26% reduction in the proportion of queens that laid eggs, and advanced the timing of colony initiation, although we did not detect impacts of any experimental treatment on the ability of queens to produce adult offspring during the 14-week experimental period. As expected from previous studies, hibernation duration also had an impact on egg laying, but there was no significant interaction with insecticide treatment. Modelling the impacts of a 26% reduction in colony founding on population dynamics dramatically increased the likelihood of population extinction. This shows that neonicotinoids can affect this critical stage in the bumblebee lifecycle, and may have significant impacts on population dynamics.

U2 - 10.1038/s41559-017-0260-1

DO - 10.1038/s41559-017-0260-1

M3 - Article

VL - 1

SP - 1308

EP - 1316

JO - Nature Ecology & Evolution

JF - Nature Ecology & Evolution

SN - 2397-334X

ER -