Perspective taking in a novel signaling task : Effects of world knowledge and contextual constraint. / Sulik, Justin; Lupyan, Gary.

In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, Vol. 147, No. 11, 11.2018, p. 1619-1640.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Perspective taking in a novel signaling task : Effects of world knowledge and contextual constraint. / Sulik, Justin; Lupyan, Gary.

In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, Vol. 147, No. 11, 11.2018, p. 1619-1640.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Sulik, J & Lupyan, G 2018, 'Perspective taking in a novel signaling task: Effects of world knowledge and contextual constraint', Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, vol. 147, no. 11, pp. 1619-1640. https://doi.org/10.1037/xge0000475

APA

Vancouver

Author

Sulik, Justin ; Lupyan, Gary. / Perspective taking in a novel signaling task : Effects of world knowledge and contextual constraint. In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. 2018 ; Vol. 147, No. 11. pp. 1619-1640.

BibTeX

@article{ababd349653743518d6a2ef17e5c1a05,
title = "Perspective taking in a novel signaling task: Effects of world knowledge and contextual constraint",
abstract = "Perspective taking—the ability to see things from someone else{\textquoteright}s point of view—can boost success in communication. A signaler might take perspective when designing an utterance that is informative from the receiver{\textquoteright}s point of view, or the receiver might take perspective when inferring the signaler{\textquoteright}s communicative intentions. Perspective taking is supposed to play a particularly vital role when people try to communicate in the absence of a conventional signaling system. However, the task demands in such cases are extremely different from those in typical experimental approaches to perspective taking. Thus, current evidence for perspective taking does not establish whether humans can take perspective in those cases where perspective taking is arguably most helpful. We describe experimental tests of perspective taking that are suitable for settling the matter. Our task focuses on the use of shared world knowledge rather than shared visual scenes, and it is suitable for both open-ended and contextually constrained responses. We show that people generally fail at perspective taking in a novel signaling task, but that perspective taking can be boosted by contextual constraint. In that case, however, it is context, rather than perspective taking or shared world knowledge, that explains communicative success.",
keywords = "Perspective taking, Novel signaling task, World knowledge, Context, Coordination",
author = "Justin Sulik and Gary Lupyan",
year = "2018",
month = nov,
doi = "10.1037/xge0000475",
language = "English",
volume = "147",
pages = "1619--1640",
journal = "Journal of Experimental Psychology: General",
issn = "0096-3445",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "11",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Perspective taking in a novel signaling task

T2 - Effects of world knowledge and contextual constraint

AU - Sulik, Justin

AU - Lupyan, Gary

PY - 2018/11

Y1 - 2018/11

N2 - Perspective taking—the ability to see things from someone else’s point of view—can boost success in communication. A signaler might take perspective when designing an utterance that is informative from the receiver’s point of view, or the receiver might take perspective when inferring the signaler’s communicative intentions. Perspective taking is supposed to play a particularly vital role when people try to communicate in the absence of a conventional signaling system. However, the task demands in such cases are extremely different from those in typical experimental approaches to perspective taking. Thus, current evidence for perspective taking does not establish whether humans can take perspective in those cases where perspective taking is arguably most helpful. We describe experimental tests of perspective taking that are suitable for settling the matter. Our task focuses on the use of shared world knowledge rather than shared visual scenes, and it is suitable for both open-ended and contextually constrained responses. We show that people generally fail at perspective taking in a novel signaling task, but that perspective taking can be boosted by contextual constraint. In that case, however, it is context, rather than perspective taking or shared world knowledge, that explains communicative success.

AB - Perspective taking—the ability to see things from someone else’s point of view—can boost success in communication. A signaler might take perspective when designing an utterance that is informative from the receiver’s point of view, or the receiver might take perspective when inferring the signaler’s communicative intentions. Perspective taking is supposed to play a particularly vital role when people try to communicate in the absence of a conventional signaling system. However, the task demands in such cases are extremely different from those in typical experimental approaches to perspective taking. Thus, current evidence for perspective taking does not establish whether humans can take perspective in those cases where perspective taking is arguably most helpful. We describe experimental tests of perspective taking that are suitable for settling the matter. Our task focuses on the use of shared world knowledge rather than shared visual scenes, and it is suitable for both open-ended and contextually constrained responses. We show that people generally fail at perspective taking in a novel signaling task, but that perspective taking can be boosted by contextual constraint. In that case, however, it is context, rather than perspective taking or shared world knowledge, that explains communicative success.

KW - Perspective taking

KW - Novel signaling task

KW - World knowledge

KW - Context

KW - Coordination

U2 - 10.1037/xge0000475

DO - 10.1037/xge0000475

M3 - Article

VL - 147

SP - 1619

EP - 1640

JO - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General

JF - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General

SN - 0096-3445

IS - 11

ER -