Personality Traits and Personal Values : A Meta-Analysis. / Parks-Leduc, Laura ; Feldman, Gilad; Bardi, Anat.

In: Personality and Social Psychology Review, Vol. 19, No. 1, 01.02.2015, p. 3-29.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review



Personality traits and personal values are important psychological characteristics, serving as important predictors of many outcomes. Yet, they are frequently studied separately, leaving the field with a limited understanding of their relationships. We review existing perspectives regarding the nature of the relationships between traits and values and provide a conceptual underpinning for understanding the strength of these relationships. Using 60 studies, we present a meta-analysis of the relationships between the Five Factor Model (FFM) of personality traits and the Schwartz (1992) values, and demonstrate consistent and theoretically-meaningful relationships. However, these relationships were not generally large, demonstrating that traits and values are distinct constructs. We find support for our premise that more cognitively-based traits are more strongly related to values and more emotionally-based traits are less strongly related to values. Findings also suggest that controlling for personal scale-use tendencies in values is advisable.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-29
Number of pages27
JournalPersonality and Social Psychology Review
Issue number1
Early online date24 Jun 2014
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2015


This open access research output is licenced under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.

ID: 19952398