Morphological effects in visual word recognition : Children, adolescents, and adults. / Dawson, Nicola; Rastle, Kathleen; Ricketts, Jessie.

In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, Vol. 44, No. 4, 28.09.2017, p. 645-654.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

E-pub ahead of print

Standard

Morphological effects in visual word recognition : Children, adolescents, and adults. / Dawson, Nicola; Rastle, Kathleen; Ricketts, Jessie.

In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, Vol. 44, No. 4, 28.09.2017, p. 645-654.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Dawson, N, Rastle, K & Ricketts, J 2017, 'Morphological effects in visual word recognition: Children, adolescents, and adults', Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 645-654. https://doi.org/10.1037/xlm0000485

APA

Vancouver

Dawson N, Rastle K, Ricketts J. Morphological effects in visual word recognition: Children, adolescents, and adults. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 2017 Sep 28;44(4):645-654. https://doi.org/10.1037/xlm0000485

Author

Dawson, Nicola ; Rastle, Kathleen ; Ricketts, Jessie. / Morphological effects in visual word recognition : Children, adolescents, and adults. In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 2017 ; Vol. 44, No. 4. pp. 645-654.

BibTeX

@article{e97a448b90d64615901d9e24d7fb2b8c,
title = "Morphological effects in visual word recognition: Children, adolescents, and adults",
abstract = "The process by which morphologically complex words are recognized and stored is a matter of ongoing debate. A large body of evidence indicates that complex words are automatically decomposed during visual word recognition in adult readers. Research with developing readers is limited and findings are mixed. This study aimed to investigate morphological decomposition in visual word recognition using cross-sectional data. Thirty-three adults, 36 older adolescents (16-17 years), 37 younger adolescents (12-13 years) and 50 children (7-9 years) completed a timed lexical decision task comprising 120 items (60 nonwords and 60 real word fillers). Half the nonwords contained a real stem combined with a real suffix (pseudomorphemic nonwords, e.g., earist); the other half used the same stems combined with a nonmorphological ending (control nonwords, e.g., earilt). All age groups were less accurate in rejecting pseudomorphemic nonwords than control nonwords. Adults and older adolescents were also slower to reject pseudomorphemic nonwords compared to control nonwords, but this effect did not emerge for the younger age groups. These findings demonstrate that, like adults, children and adolescents are sensitive to morphological structure in online visual word processing, but that some important changes occur over the course of adolescence. ",
author = "Nicola Dawson and Kathleen Rastle and Jessie Ricketts",
year = "2017",
month = sep,
day = "28",
doi = "10.1037/xlm0000485",
language = "English",
volume = "44",
pages = "645--654",
journal = "Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition",
issn = "0278-7393",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Morphological effects in visual word recognition

T2 - Children, adolescents, and adults

AU - Dawson, Nicola

AU - Rastle, Kathleen

AU - Ricketts, Jessie

PY - 2017/9/28

Y1 - 2017/9/28

N2 - The process by which morphologically complex words are recognized and stored is a matter of ongoing debate. A large body of evidence indicates that complex words are automatically decomposed during visual word recognition in adult readers. Research with developing readers is limited and findings are mixed. This study aimed to investigate morphological decomposition in visual word recognition using cross-sectional data. Thirty-three adults, 36 older adolescents (16-17 years), 37 younger adolescents (12-13 years) and 50 children (7-9 years) completed a timed lexical decision task comprising 120 items (60 nonwords and 60 real word fillers). Half the nonwords contained a real stem combined with a real suffix (pseudomorphemic nonwords, e.g., earist); the other half used the same stems combined with a nonmorphological ending (control nonwords, e.g., earilt). All age groups were less accurate in rejecting pseudomorphemic nonwords than control nonwords. Adults and older adolescents were also slower to reject pseudomorphemic nonwords compared to control nonwords, but this effect did not emerge for the younger age groups. These findings demonstrate that, like adults, children and adolescents are sensitive to morphological structure in online visual word processing, but that some important changes occur over the course of adolescence.

AB - The process by which morphologically complex words are recognized and stored is a matter of ongoing debate. A large body of evidence indicates that complex words are automatically decomposed during visual word recognition in adult readers. Research with developing readers is limited and findings are mixed. This study aimed to investigate morphological decomposition in visual word recognition using cross-sectional data. Thirty-three adults, 36 older adolescents (16-17 years), 37 younger adolescents (12-13 years) and 50 children (7-9 years) completed a timed lexical decision task comprising 120 items (60 nonwords and 60 real word fillers). Half the nonwords contained a real stem combined with a real suffix (pseudomorphemic nonwords, e.g., earist); the other half used the same stems combined with a nonmorphological ending (control nonwords, e.g., earilt). All age groups were less accurate in rejecting pseudomorphemic nonwords than control nonwords. Adults and older adolescents were also slower to reject pseudomorphemic nonwords compared to control nonwords, but this effect did not emerge for the younger age groups. These findings demonstrate that, like adults, children and adolescents are sensitive to morphological structure in online visual word processing, but that some important changes occur over the course of adolescence.

U2 - 10.1037/xlm0000485

DO - 10.1037/xlm0000485

M3 - Article

VL - 44

SP - 645

EP - 654

JO - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition

JF - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition

SN - 0278-7393

IS - 4

ER -